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21Author    Hk Wulff, Müller-BuschbaumRequires cookie*
 Title    Planare C u 0 4-Polygone und eine einseitig offene Te4+0 3-Koordination in SrCuTe20 6 Planar C u 0 4 Polygons and a One-Sided Open Te4+0 3 Coordination in SrCuTe-,06 L  
 Abstract    The new compound SrCuTe20 6 has been prepared by quenching single crystals grown from a flux of SrC 03, T e02 and C uC 03 C u(0H)2. X-ray investigations show cubic symmetry, space group 0 7-P4| 32, lattice constant a = 12.473(1), Z = 12. The crystal structure is characterized by square planar C u 0 4 polygons and a one-sided open triangular oxygen coordination of Te4+, both incorporated in a Sr/O network. The one sided oxygen coordination of tellurium is completed by the lone pair of Te4+. Calculations of the Coulomb parts of lattice energy led to the position of the lone pair centre. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 52b, 1341—1344 (1997); eingegangen am 26. August 1997 
  Published    1997 
  Keywords    Strontium, Copper, Tellurium Oxide, Crystal Structure 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_B/52/ZNB-1997-52b-1341.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNB-1997-52b-1341 
 Volume    52 
22Author    Masahiko Matsumiya, Ryuzo TakagiRequires cookie*
 Title    Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopic Study on Eu 2+ and Sr 2+ Using Liquid Metal Cathodes in Molten Chlorides  
 Abstract    For the pyrochemical reprocessing of spent metallic nuclear fuels in molten salt baths it is important to investigate the behavior of the electrochemically negative elements Eu and Sr, which are significant fission products. Voltammetric and chronopotentiometric studies have shown that the reduction of Eu 2+ and Sr 2+ on liquid Pb cathodes in molten chloride baths at 1073 K follows the alloy formation reaction: Eu 2+ + 2e~ + 3Pb — • EuPb 3 and Sr 2+ + 2e~ + 3Pb — • SrPb 3 . In the present work these alloy formation reactions were studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Analysis of the spectra showed that the electronic exchange of Eu 2+ /Eu and Sr 2+ /Sr is quasi-re-versible. Moreover, the experimental results allowed the determination of the kinetic parameters of EU 2+ /EU and Sr 2+ /Sr, the diffusion coefficients of these species in molten chloride baths, and also the diffusion layer thickness. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 55a, 673—681 (2000); received April 25 2000 
  Published    2000 
  Keywords    Alloy Formation Reaction, Europium, Impedance, Liquid Metal Cathodes, Molten Salts, Strontium 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/55/ZNA-2000-55a-0673.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-2000-55a-0673 
 Volume    55 
23Author    M. Ichael Schmidt, Annette Schier, Hubert SchmidbaurRequires cookie*
 Title    Magnesium Bis[D(-)-Mandelate] Dihydrate and Other Alkaline Earth, Alkali, and Zinc Salts of Mandelic Acid  
 Abstract    , and zinc D(-)mandelates have been prepared from the parent mandelic acid and equivalent quantities (1:1 / 2:1) of the corresponding metal hydroxides in water. Colourless polycrystalline products are obtained from the aqueous solutions by evaporation of the solvent. The alkali, ammonium and strontium salts are anhydrous, the calcium and barium salts are monohydrates, the magne­ sium salt is a dihydrate, and the zinc salt a trihydrate. The crystal and molecular structure of the magnesium salt has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction methods (mono­ clinic, space group P2i, Z = 2). The lattice contains isolated complexes with hexacoordinate magnesium atoms chelated by two mandelate anions through one of their carboxylate oxygen atoms and the alcoholic hydroxyl group. Two water molecules in cis position are completing the octahedral coordination sphere. [MgtQITO^MfTO^] is thus a true mononuclear magnesium complex. Its stability and non-hygroscopic properties suggest its use as a magnesium and/or mandelate drug. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 53b, 1098—1102 (1998); received July 23 1998 
  Published    1998 
  Keywords    Mandelic Acid, Magnesium Mandelate, Alkaline Earth Mandelates, Alkali Mandelates, Zinc Mandelate Lithium, sodium, potassium, ammonium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_B/53/ZNB-1998-53b-1098.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNB-1998-53b-1098 
 Volume    53