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1Author    Carlos Luiz, RyffRequires cookie*
 Title    Interaction-Free Which-Path Information and Some of Its Consequences  
 Abstract    Let us consider a single particle in an interferometer. If one of the two possible paths is blocked and the particle is detected, we know that the particle has followed the path which is not blocked. This would be an interference-free "which-path" information experiment. However, we no longer have an interfe­ rometer, since one path is blocked. An alternative is to interact with the particle, but this would change its momentum and as a consequence the interference fringes would disappear, as discussed by Feynman. We can also consider two particles entangled in direction. Knowing the path followed by one of the par­ ticles, it is possible to know the path followed by the other. On the other hand, when this information is erased, interference can be observed. However, this is a two particle interference: no single particle inter­ ference can be observed. Retrodiction experiments are also possible, but these are not conclusive. Here we propose a much less intuitive experiment in which, without blocking one path or directly interacting with the particle, it is possible to know the path which is being followed by the particle in the interferom­ eter. According to quantum mechanics, this is sufficient to lose the single particle interference. The same idea can be used to test the local pilot wave interpretation, to test quantum nonlocality under new condi­ tions, and to devise an interferometer for a two-photon wave packet. This last result strongly suggests that there must be some connection between the deBroglie wavelength of an N-particle wave packet and entanglement. Wavelength of an /V-particle Wave Packet. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 56a, 155—159 (2001); received January 12 2001 
  Published    2001 
  Keywords    Interaction-free Measurement, Pilot-wave Interpretation, Quantum Nonlocality, de Broglie 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/56/ZNA-2001-56a-0155.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-2001-56a-0155 
 Volume    56