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1999 (1)
1Author    MarkusF. Zum, R. Olf-D, Hoffm Ieter, Rainer Ann, PöttgenRequires cookie*
 Title    The Intermetallic Zirconium Compounds ZrNiAl, ZrRhSn, and ZrPtGa -Structural Distortions and Metal-Metal Bonding in Fe2P Related Compounds  
 Abstract    ZrNiAl, ZrPtGa, and ZrRhSn have been prepared by reacting the elements in an arc-melting furnace and subsequent annealing at 970 K. These compounds have previously been investigated only by use of X-ray powder data for ZrPtGa and ZrRhSn and single crystal film data for ZrNiAl. Precise single crystal diffractometer data are reported in the present paper. The structure of ZrNiAl is confirmed. It adopts a substitution variant of the FeiP type: P62m, a = 691.5(2), c = 346.6(1) pm, Z = 3, wR2 = 0.0538, 320 F2 values, 14 parameters. The structure refinement reveals a large displacement parameter U 33 for one nickel position, indicative of a slight nickel dislocation. Weak superstructure reflections could be found on Guinier powder patterns for ZrPtGa and ZrRhSn. These compounds crystallize with the HfRhSn type structure (Z = 6 , space group P62c), a superstructure of the Fe2P type: a = 714.5(1), c = 706.3(2) pm, w/?2 = 0.0651, 594 F2 values, 18 parameters for ZrPtGa and a = 734.2(2), c = 721.8(2) pm, wR2 = 0.0349, 355 F2 values, 18 parameters for ZrRhSn. Structural motifs of these compounds are transition metal centered trigonal prisms formed by the zirconium, aluminium, gallium, and tin atoms. While these trigonal prisms are regular in ZrNiAl, significant distortions occur in the structures of ZrPtGa and ZrRhSn. Due to the distortions of the trigonal prisms in the superstructures, some platinum and rhodium atoms are dislocated from the subcell mirror planes towards Pt-Pt and Rh-Rh pairs with distances o f 310 and 313 pm, respectively. The formation of the superstructure is most likely due to packing reasons. Chemical bonding in ZrRhSn was investigated on the basis of an extended Hückel calculation. 
  Reference    (Z. Naturforsch. 54b, 45—53 [1999]; received August 20 1998) 
  Published    1999 
  Keywords    Intermetallic Compounds, Crystal Structure, Superstructure, Chemical Bonding 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_B/54/ZNB-1999-54b-0045.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNB-1999-54b-0045 
 Volume    54