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1984 (1)
1976 (1)
1Author    G. Uhlenbruck, G. Steinhausen, B. A. BaldoRequires cookie*
 Title    Galactans and A nti-G alactans from In vertebrates  
  Reference    (Z. Naturforsch. 31c, 205 [1976]; received October 13/December 30 1975) 
  Published    1976 
  Keywords    Galactans, Anti-Galactans, Tridacnin, Invertebrates, Snails 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/31/ZNC-1976-31c-0205_n.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1976-31c-0205_n 
 Volume    31 
2Author    Michael WinkRequires cookie*
 Title    Chemical Defense of Lupins. Mollusc-Repellent Properties of Quinolizidine Alkaloids  
 Abstract    Polyphagous molluscs such as H elix pom atia and Arion rufus generally do not feed on plants containing alkaloids. O f 19 species tested 10 species were totally avoided, the other 9 species were less attacked than Lactuca sativa, which was readily taken. Plants containing quinolizidine alkaloids were studied in detail. Those species with the a-pyridone alkaloids cytisine and N-methylcytisine were avoided to a higher extent than plants with lupanine as the major alkaloid. Since the repellency observed could be due to other natural products present in the plants besides the alkaloids, the feeding response o f H elix pom atia was tested on artificial diets containing quinolizidine alkaloids in various concentrations as the only variable. If the snails had the choice they clearly preferred alkaloid-free food or a diet with only low alkaloid concen­ trations. Half-maximal repellency o f cytisine is less than 2 m M , o f sparteine 1 -5 m M , and o f lupanine 1 -8 mM. Since the in vivo concentrations o f sparteine, cytisine, and lupanine are equal to or higher than the inhibitory concentrations required it is concluded that quinolizidine alkaloids constitute a potential antimolluscan principle o f legum es. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 39c, 553 (1984); received March 22 1984 
  Published    1984 
  Keywords    Quinolizidine Alkaloids, M ollusc Repellency, C oevolution, Plant-H erbivore Interaction, Snails, Chemical Defense 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/39/ZNC-1984-39c-0553.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1984-39c-0553 
 Volume    39