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1993 (1)
1Author    P. J. Sebastião, A. C. Ribeiro, H. T. Nguyen, F. NoackRequires cookie*
 Title    Proton NMR Relaxation Study of Molecular Motions in a Liquid Crystal with a Strong Polar Terminal Group  
 Abstract    Liquid crystalline compounds containing a cyano terminal group often exhibit peculiar molecular organizations of their mesophases. In this work we present proton NMR relaxation studies, per-formed by means of standard NMR and fast field-cycling NMR techniques, in the nematic (N) and bilayered smectic-,4 phase (S^ 2) of 4-pentyl-phenyl 4'-cyanobenzoyloxy-benzoate. The field-cycling measurements were used to clarify the relaxation behaviour in the low Larmor frequency range, where conventional techniques are not applicable. Self-diffusion and rotational reorientations are found to be the essential relaxation mechanisms at MHz frequencies in the smectic mesophase, while the contribution of collective modes appears only at lower frequencies in the kHz range. In the nematic mesophase the order director fluctuations mechanism dominates the relaxation dispersion up to 10 MHz, where the rotational reorientations become important, with minor corrections from the self-diffusion process. The agreement between the experimental findings and model fits could be improved by an additional relaxation mechanism in the kHz regime, ascribed to the interaction between protons and fast relaxing quadrupolar nitrogen 14 N nuclei. Though all four processes are present in the nematic and smectic-/l 2 phases, the overall 7\ frequency dependence is quite different in the two cases. This behaviour is discussed in terms of available theoretical calculations of the proton relaxation dispersion in liquid crystals, and it is also compared with data known from other cyano compounds. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 48a, 851—860 (1993); received April 22 1993 
  Published    1993 
  Keywords    NMR, Proton relaxation, Smectic-/! 2, Molecular motions, Bilayer smectic 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/48/ZNA-1993-48a-0851.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1993-48a-0851 
 Volume    48