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1996 (1)
1Author    Z. NaturforschRequires cookie*
 Title    A -P r 2S3, D -H o2S3 und E -Y b 2S3: Synthese und Einkristallstrukturuntersuchungen  
 Abstract    The oxidation of reduced chlorides (MC12) or chloride-hydrides (MC1HV) of the lanthani­ des with sulfur (700-850 °C, 7 d, sealed tantalum capsules or evacuated silica vessels) usually results in the formation of the sesquisulfides M2S3 as the main products. In the presence of appropriate fluxes (e.g., alkali halides), the products often are obtained as single crystals, and the flux decides which modification is favoured. Ternary halides of the trivalent lanthanides with the corresponding alkali metal can mostly be found as the second components. Crystal growth and structural investigations of thus produced single crystals of Pr2S3 (from PrClH() 67 + S + NaCl, 5:5:1, A type: orthorhombic, Pnma (No. 62), Z = 4, a = 748.22(5), b = 405.51(3), c = 1560.74(9) pm, R = 0.024, Rw = 0.020), Ho^S, (from U -H o^S , + KI, 1:1, D type: mono­ clinic, P 2xim (No. 12), Z = 6, a = 1746.15(9), b = 400.23(3), c = 1012.43(6) pm, ß = 98.529(4)°, R = 0.041, Rw = 0.035), and YbiS3 (from T-Yb^S^ + KI, 1:1, E type: trigonal, R 3c (No. 167), Z = 6, a = 674.97(2), c = 1820.11(9) pm'. R = 0.019, Rw = 0.018) are reported here. In accordance with the lanthanide contraction, the trivalent cations (M3+) exhibit sulfur coordination numbers of 7 and 8 in A -P r 2S3, 6 and 7 in D -H o 2S3, and 6 in E -Y b 2S3 (corundum-type structure). 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 51b, 733—738 (1996); eingegangen am 4. Oktober 1994 
  Published    1996 
  Keywords    Lanthanides, Sesquisulfides, Synthesis, Crystal Structure 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_B/51/ZNB-1996-51b-0733.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNB-1996-51b-0733 
 Volume    51