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'Quinones' in keywords Facet   Publication Year 1998  [X]
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1Author    Steffen Runge, M. Athias, O. SengeRequires cookie*
 Title    Electron Donor-Acceptor Compounds. Synthesis and Structure of 5-(l,4-Benzoquinone-2-yl)-10,15,20-trialkylporphyrins  
 Abstract    A series of 5-(benzoquinone)-10,15,20-trialkylporphyrins was synthesized via cross conden­ sation of the respective aldehydes, 2,5-dimethoxybenzaldehyde and pyrrole followed by de-methylation with BBr3 and oxidation with P b 0 2. This method worked reasonably well for compounds bearing the benzoquinone substituent and butyl, isopropyl, 1 -methylpropyl and 2-ethylpropyl residues (2a-d). The free base porphyrin quinones were converted into the zinc(II) complexes (3a-d) all of which showed remarkable stability for porphyrin quinones. The zinc(II) complex 3c bearing isopropyl residues was investigated by X-ray crystallography and showed a supramolecular structure consisting of polymeric chains facilitated by coordina­ tion of a benzoquinone oxygen to a neighboring zinc(II) center. Attempts to synthesize a 5-(benzoquinone)-10,15,20-tris(terr-butylporphyrin) resulted in the formation of a yellow por-phomethene (4), which could not be oxidized further. A crystal structure analysis of 4, the first for a free base porphomethene, shows an extremely twisted conformation with syn-orientation of the three rm-butyl groups. The results indicate that new methods will have to be developed for the synthesis of nonplanar porphyrin quinones. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 53b, 1021—1030 (1998); received June 15 1998 
  Published    1998 
  Keywords    Porphyrins, Quinones, Electron Transfer Compounds, Crystal Structure, Conformation 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_B/53/ZNB-1998-53b-1021.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNB-1998-53b-1021 
 Volume    53 
2Author    Krishna Bala, Swati Kolli, Prasanna Tiwari, MohantyRequires cookie*
 Title    Spirulina platensis  
 Abstract    When Spirulina platensis filaments were exposed to 0.75 mW.m_2.s_1 of ultraviolet-B radi­ ation (the ultraviolet-B radiation under clear sky condition is —1.0 mW.m_2.s_1), an inhibi­ tion in photosystem II activity was observed, the inhibition being 90% after 90 min exposure. Upon exposure to ultraviolet-B, the room temperature emission characteristics of Spirulina cells were altered when excited with light primarily absorbed by chlorophyll a or phycobili-somes. When the cells were exposed for 3 h the emission at 685 nm (F685), when excited at 440 nm (primarily chlorophyll a absorption), was enhanced compared to 715 nm (F 715) band of photosystem I suggesting a decrease in energy transfer from photosystem II to photosys­ tem I. Similarly, when the cells were excited at 580 nm (primarily the phycobilisomes), the ratio of emission intensity at 685 nm (F 685) to that of 655 nm (F655) was decreased in the exposed cells. This change in emission characteristics seems to be linked with the uncoupling of the energy transfer from allophycocyanin to chlorophyll a of photosystem II. A small shift in emission peak positions was also indicated when excited either at 440 nm or 580 nm. Analysis of the fast induction of chlorophyll a transients in the presence and absence of 10 jam 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea (D CM U) indicated that ultraviolet-B expo­ sure initially affects Q A, the primary stable acceptor of photosystem II, and then the plas-toquinone (PQ) pool. Our results on the loss in photosystem Il-catalyzed Hill activity with p-benzoquinone or dichlorobenzoquinone as electron acceptors also supports the contention that ultraviolet-B, even at low dose, initially alters the Q A of photosystem II and subsequently PQ pool. The analysis of functional pool size of Spirulina suggests a substantial decrease in the functional pool size after 2 h UV-B exposure. These results indicate that in Spirulina low intensity of ultraviolet-B initially damages the reaction centre of photosystem II. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 53c, 369—3 (1998); received December 15 1997 
  Published    1998 
  Keywords    Fluorescence Transients, Photosystem II, Quinones, Spirulina, Ultraviolet-B 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/53/ZNC-1998-53c-0369.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1998-53c-0369 
 Volume    53