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'Quasielastic neutron scattering' in keywords
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1993 (1)
1992 (1)
1Author    T. SpringerRequires cookie*
 Title    High-Resolution Neutron Spectroscopy for the Investigation of Hydrogen Diffusion and Molecular Rotations in Solids  
 Abstract    An introductory survey on applications of high-resolution neutron spectroscopy is presented, dealing with the motion of hydrogen in solids, namely concerning (i) random rotational motions or stationary tunneling states of NH 4 -ions or CH 3 -groups, and (ii) diffusion of hydrogen in alloys. For the rotation of hydrogenous groups in solids, at higher temperatures rotational jumps can be found, whereas quantum states are observed by |J.eV-spectroscopy at temperatures below 50 K. On the other hand, hydrogen diffusion does not reveal pronounced evidence of quantum effects, except for hydrogen in a metal containing impurity atoms. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 48a, 406—414 (1993); received January 7 1992 
  Published    1993 
  Keywords    Quasielastic neutron scattering, Diffusion, Tunneling 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/48/ZNA-1993-48a-0406.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1993-48a-0406 
 Volume    48 
2Author    Günter Burbach, Norbert Weiden, Alarich WeissRequires cookie*
 Title    Molecular Motions in Solid [Sb(CH 3 ) 4 ]PF 6 . A Combined 19 F Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Quasielastic Neutron Scattering Study  
 Abstract    The molecular dynamics of tetramethylstibonium hexafluorophosphate, [Sb(CH 3) 4 ]PF 6 , is inves-tigated over a broad temperature range. NMR spin lattice relaxation times and the NMR second moments of the *H and F nuclei were determined in the range 8.6 < T/K ^ 332.3 for polycrystalline [Sb(CH 3) 4 ]PF 6 . The complex cation undergoes isotropic tumbling for T>260 K and thermally activated methyl group rotation in the temperature range T< 196 K. The activation energies for the transition from methyl group rotation to cation reorientation, as derived from NMR wideline (18.1 kJ/mol) and relaxation (22.7 kJ/mol) measurements, match. At very low temperatures pseudo classical line narrowing is observed, indicating tunneling motions of the methyl groups. The exis-tence of two crystallographically inequivalent methyl groups is found by X-ray structure analysis at room temperature. The space group is P6 3 mc, Z = 2; a = 738.6 pm, c = 1089.3 pm. It is confirmed by two steps in the temperature dependence of the signal intensity of the quasielastic line in neutron fixed window measurements in the temperature range 2 < T/K <148. The low temperature spin lattice relaxation times can be explained qualitatively by contributions of two crystallographically inequivalent methyl groups. Apparent activation energies for the two crystallographically different methyl groups are estimated. The complex anion undergoes isotropic tumbling in the temperature range 95 < T/K < 330. Above 330 K additionally translational motion is activated. Below 95 K the rotational motion of PF 6 e is freezing in via an uniaxial state in range 40 < T/K <80. Activation energies for both isotropical tumbling (10.5 kJ/mol) and uniaxial rotation (5.8 kJ/mol) have been derived from 19 F NMR spin lattice relaxation. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 47a, 689—701 (1992); received January 16 1992 
  Published    1992 
  Keywords    Complex compounds, Molecular dynamics, Rotational tunneling, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Quasielastic neutron scattering 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/47/ZNA-1992-47a-0689.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1992-47a-0689 
 Volume    47