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'Pulse Radiolysis' in keywords Facet   section ZfN Section B  [X]
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1Author    Nien Man, Clemens Schuchmann, Von SonntagRequires cookie*
 Title    Hydroxy! Radical-Induced Oxidation of Diisopropyl Ether in Oxygenated Aqueous Solution. A Product and Pulse Radiolysis Study  
 Abstract    In the radiolysis of N 2 0/0 2 (4:1)-saturated aqueous solutions of diisopropyl ether(10~ 3 mol dm ~ 3), OH radicals abstract H-atoms, thereby producing radicals at C(2) (1 = 78%) and to a lesser extent at C(l) (2 — 22%) which are converted by oxygen into the corresponding peroxyl radicals 3 and 4. Some 0 2 radicals are formed by the reaction of radiolytically produced H atoms with oxygen. Methyl radicals formed in the course of the bimolecular decay of 3 and 4 give rise to methylperoxyl radicals 5. At high dose rate as delivered by 2.8 MeV electron pulses the products (G values in parentheses) are: isopropyl acetate (2.6), acetone (1.1), isopropanol (1.1), 2-iso-propoxypropanal (1.4, estimated), formaldehyde (2.0), organic hydroperoxides (0.4), organic acids (0.5) and hydrogen peroxide (1.9). At low dose rates (<0.39 Gy s -1) G(acetone) is consid-erably increased and is no longer balanced by an equivalent yield of isopropanol. This is thought to be due to an intramolecular H-abstraction of radical 3. Pulse radiolysis studies revealed that 3, 4 and 5 decay by second order kinetics. At the early stages the bimolecular decay is faster (2k = 6 x 10 7 dm 3 moP's" 1) than toward the end (2k = 2 x 10 7 dm 3 mor I s" 1). It is suggested that the faster decay at the beginning is due to a preponderance of termination by the primary peroxyl radical 4 with the tertiary peroxyl radical 3 while at later stages termination is mainly governed by the reaction of 3-1-3 which produces 5. The rate constants k(5 + 3) and k(5 + 5) are very likely much higher than 2k(3 + 3), hence 2k(3 + 3)<2 x 10 7 dm 3 moP's" 1 . In 0 2 -saturated solutions 0 2 plays a considerable role in the termination reactions, and organic hydroperoxides which are unimportant in N 2 0/0 2 -saturated solutions at high dose rates are now the major products. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 42b, 495—502 (1987); received November 7 1986 
  Published    1987 
  Keywords    Diisopropyl Ether, Hydroxyl Radicals, Peroxyl Radicals, Pulse Radiolysis 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_B/42/ZNB-1987-42b-0495.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNB-1987-42b-0495 
 Volume    42