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1998 (1)
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1Author    P. J. Sebastião, A. C. Ribeiro, H. T. Nguyen, F. NoackRequires cookie*
 Title    Proton NMR Relaxation Study of Molecular Motions in a Liquid Crystal with a Strong Polar Terminal Group  
 Abstract    Liquid crystalline compounds containing a cyano terminal group often exhibit peculiar molecular organizations of their mesophases. In this work we present proton NMR relaxation studies, per-formed by means of standard NMR and fast field-cycling NMR techniques, in the nematic (N) and bilayered smectic-,4 phase (S^ 2) of 4-pentyl-phenyl 4'-cyanobenzoyloxy-benzoate. The field-cycling measurements were used to clarify the relaxation behaviour in the low Larmor frequency range, where conventional techniques are not applicable. Self-diffusion and rotational reorientations are found to be the essential relaxation mechanisms at MHz frequencies in the smectic mesophase, while the contribution of collective modes appears only at lower frequencies in the kHz range. In the nematic mesophase the order director fluctuations mechanism dominates the relaxation dispersion up to 10 MHz, where the rotational reorientations become important, with minor corrections from the self-diffusion process. The agreement between the experimental findings and model fits could be improved by an additional relaxation mechanism in the kHz regime, ascribed to the interaction between protons and fast relaxing quadrupolar nitrogen 14 N nuclei. Though all four processes are present in the nematic and smectic-/l 2 phases, the overall 7\ frequency dependence is quite different in the two cases. This behaviour is discussed in terms of available theoretical calculations of the proton relaxation dispersion in liquid crystals, and it is also compared with data known from other cyano compounds. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 48a, 851—860 (1993); received April 22 1993 
  Published    1993 
  Keywords    NMR, Proton relaxation, Smectic-/! 2, Molecular motions, Bilayer smectic 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/48/ZNA-1993-48a-0851.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1993-48a-0851 
 Volume    48 
2Author    C. Cruz, J. L. Figueirinhas, P. J. Sebastião, A. C. Ribeiro, F. Noack, H. T. Nguyen, B. Heinrich, D. Guillon, I.P C MRequires cookie*
 Title    Molecular Dynamics in the Columnar and Lamellar Mesophases of a Liquid Crystal of Biforked Molecules  
 Abstract    In this work we present the first study of molecular dynamics in the S c and 4> h mesophases of a liquid crystal of biforked molecules. This study was performed by means of proton NMR relaxation measurements obtained at different temperatures in the studied phases, combining standard and fast field-cycling techniques in order to cover a large domain of Larmor frequencies (100 Hz-300 MHz). The experimental results were analysed considering the potential contributions of different relax-ation mechanisms, namely local molecular rotational reorientations, self-diffusion and collective movements. The description of the contributions of the rotational reorientations and self-diffusion mechanisms are not quite different in the two studied phases. The main distinction in the molecular dynamics is found in the low Larmor frequency range dominated by the collective movements. While in the S c phase this contribution can be described by the law characteristic of smectic layer undulations, the contribution of the collective movements in the </> h phase can be assigned to elastic deformation of the columns. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 51a, 155—166 (1996); received November 29 1995 
  Published    1996 
  Keywords    NMR, Proton Relaxation, Molecular Dynamics, Biforked Molecules, </> h Mesophase 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/51/ZNA-1996-51a-0155.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1996-51a-0155 
 Volume    51 
3Author    C. Cruz, P. J. Sebastião, J. Figueirinhas, A. C. Ribeiro, H. T. Nguyen, C. Destrade, F. NoackRequires cookie*
 Title    NMR Study of Molecular Dynamics in a D ho Columnar Mesophase  
 Abstract    In this paper we report the first molecular dynamics study combining fast field-cycling and conven-tional NMR techniques in a thermotropic liquid crystal of discotic molecules exhibiting an ordered columnar hexagonal mesophase. Using the association of these techniques we obtained proton T { data over a very large domain of Larmor frequencies (u/2n from 500 Hz to 85 MHz). The proton spin-lattice relaxation results were analysed considering the structure of the mesophase and the types of movements which are expected to influence significantly the relaxation rate, namely local molecu-lar rotational reorientations, inter-columnar self-diffusion and collective movements corresponding to bending and compression of the columns. We verified that these mechanisms dominate the relaxation respectively for high, medium and low Larmor frequencies. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 53a, 823—827 (1998); received July 16 1998 
  Published    1998 
  Keywords    NMR, Proton Relaxation, Molecular Dynamics, Columnar Hexagonal Mesophases (D ho ), Discotic Molecules 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/53/ZNA-1998-53a-0823.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1998-53a-0823 
 Volume    53