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1999 (1)
1Author    András Neményi3, JohnH. Georgakopoulosb, Judit Kissimon3, András Badacsonyic, G. Ábor, Horváth3Requires cookie*
 Title    Trachycarpus fortunei H. Wendl. under Winter and Summer Conditions  
 Abstract    A study was conducted to analyze the contribution of high irradiance and resulting photo­ inhibition to the decline in net photosynthesis in the leaves of palm Trachycarpus fortunei during summer and winter as well as at normal growth and low temperatures in field and laboratory conditions, respectively. Fluorescence induction measurements indicated that there was a 10% decrease in the F v/Fm ratio in field conditions at midday during both summer and winter, due to the relatively low intensity of incident light resulting from the partial leaf segment folding. Fluorescence parameters completely recovered by the evening hours. In summer the midday decay was due to the decrease of F m which probably represents a rapidly reversible component of photoinhibition by the protective down-regulation of PSII mediated by the xanthophyll cycle. In winter, however, the initial Fv/Fm ratio was 40% less than as measured in summer and its midday decline was associated with the decrease of Fv indicating the partial inactivation of PS II. TTie net C 0 2 assimilation rate followed the pattern of the Fv/Fm ratio but it could not recover due to the stomatal closure after midday. Comparing the fluorescence and gas exchange measurements we have concluded that the photoinhibition of T. fortunei represented by the F v/Fm ratio changes is a regulatory adjustment of PS II effi­ ciency to limiting carbon utilization and to limiting carbon availability imposed by stomatal closure. Leaves photoinhibited under laboratory conditions at growth temperature showed a substantial decrease of 50% in the F v/Fm ratio due to the perpendicular exposure, but no apparent changes in D[ protein content could be detected. Phytotron grown plants exposed to cold stress (6 °C) and low irradiance (250 [.imol m~2 s_1) under laboratory conditions showed a time related but much slower continuous decrease in F v/Fm ratio. After high irradi­ ance the recovery kinetics in the dark at normal growth temperature (28 °C) strongly de­ pended on the extent of the photoinhibition, while after low irradiance complete recovery occurred in 12 hours irrespective of the initial Fv/Fm value, independently from the time of cold treatment, indicating that at low light and cold treatments only reversible inactive PS IIs were formed. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 54c, 658 (1999); received December 18 1998/February 11 1999 
  Published    1999 
  Keywords    Arecaceae, Chlorophyll Fluorescence, Cold Stress, Light Stress, Photosynthetic Gas Exchange 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/54/ZNC-1999-54c-0658.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1999-54c-0658 
 Volume    54