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1Author    E. Rnst PriesnerRequires cookie*
 Title    Electroantennogram Responses to Female Sex Pheromones in Five Genera of Lymantriidae (Lepidoptera)  
 Abstract    Sex pheromones of European species of L ym an tria, E u proctis, S tilp n o tia , O rgyia, and Dasychira (Lymantriidae) have been cross-checked by recording male electroantennogram (EAG) responses to excised female pheromone glands. Within the same genus, there was invariably full reciprocity of the gland effects. Between different genera, however, in all species combinations investigated the males strongly preferred their own species. From this pattern it is concluded that the major pheromone constituents are different for the five genera. In accordance with these results, several species of L ym antria are either known or supposed to produce the same sexual attractant, cis-7,8-epoxy-2-methyloctadecane (disparlure), whereas for one species of O rgyia the sex pheromone was recently identified (Smith e t al., Science 188, 63 [1975]) as cis-6-heneicosen-ll-one. None of the additional lymantriid pheromones have yet been chemically defined. In EAG screening tests, some species of this family were specifically responsive to hydrocarbons related to cis-7,2-methylocta-decene, the olefinic precursor of disparlure. 
  Reference    (Z. Naturforsch. 30c, 676—679 [1975]; received May 12 1975) 
  Published    1975 
  Keywords    Pheromones, Disparlure, Electroantennogram, Lymantriidae, Lepidoptera 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/30/ZNC-1975-30c-0676.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1975-30c-0676 
 Volume    30 
2Author    W. Francke, M. Bühring, K. HorstmannRequires cookie*
 Title    -Luther-King-Platz 6 , 2 Hamburg 13  
 Abstract    Methyl-3-isopropylpentanoate is identified from the heads of workers and in higher concentration from heads of old queens of Formica polyctena (Förster). In laboratory bioassays this terpenoid ester showed a strong aggression inhibiting effect. While in the abdomina of workers the alarm pheromone undecane is the main compound it is almost completely absent in the abdomina of old queens. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 35c, 829—831 (1980); eingegangen am 27. Mai 1980 
  Published    1980 
  Keywords    Formica polyctena, Volatile Constituents, Pheromone 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/35/ZNC-1980-35c-0829_n.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1980-35c-0829_n 
 Volume    35 
3Author    W. Francke, W. Reith, G. Bergström, J. TengöRequires cookie*
 Title    Pheromone Bouquet of the Mandibular Glands in Andrena haemorrhoa F. (Hym., Apoidea)  
 Abstract    The complex volatile secretion from the mandibular glands of Andrena haemorrhoa (Hym., Apoidea) has been analysed by GC/M S. It is composed primarily o f three groups of compounds: 1. Spiroacetals of five different systems: two l,6-dioxyspiro[4.4]nonanes, four l,6-dioxaspiro[4.5] decanes, two l,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecanes, one l,6-dioxaspiro[4.6]undecane and one 1,7-dioxa-spiro[5.6]dodecane. 2. Straight chain fatty acid derivatives: methyl ketones, primary and secondary alcohols, acetates and hydrocarbons. 3. Isoprenoids: geraniol and geranyl acetate. Mass spectral fragmentation patterns have been studied for several synthesized spiroacetals. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 36c, 928 (1981); received September 14/October 5 1981 
  Published    1981 
  Keywords    Andrena, Mandibular Glands, Pheromone, Spiroacetals 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/36/ZNC-1981-36c-0928.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1981-36c-0928 
 Volume    36 
4Author    K. HorstmannRequires cookie*
 Title    Spurorientierung bei W aldameisen  
 Abstract    (F orm ica p o ly c te n a Förster) Trail Orientation of Wood Ants (.Formica polyctena Förster) Workers of Formica polyctena Förster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) follow artificial trails made with the contents of mandibular glands, poison glands, Dufour glands and rectal glands of their own species, as well as recruitment trails of Lasius fuliginosus (Latreille) or Myrmica ruginodis Nylander. Some specialized out-door workers prefer poison trails, as do workers irritated by a marking procedure. After withdrawal of sugared water the workers prefer rectal trails. Workers of hungry colonies also follow trails made with sugared water or faeces of tortricid larvae. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 37c, 348 (1982); eingegangen am 23. November 1981/19. Januar 1982 
  Published    1982 
  Keywords    Formica polyctena, Trail Orientation, Pheromones 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/37/ZNC-1982-37c-0348_n.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1982-37c-0348_n 
 Volume    37 
5Author    Gunnar Bergström, Jan Tengö, Wolfgang Reith, W. Ittko FranckeRequires cookie*
 Title    Multicomponent Mandibular Gland Secretions in Three Species of Andrena Bees (Hym., Apoidea)  
 Abstract    50 volatile constituents o f the mandibular gland secretions in males and females o f three species o f Andrena bees, A. wilkella (Chr.), A. ovatula (K .) and A. ocreata (K .), have been identified. The secretions are made up o f a series o f spiroacetals o f four different systems together with m ono-terpenes and unbranched acyclic compounds. Many o f the com ponents, particularly several o f the dominant ones, occur in both sexes o f all three species, so that the volatile secretions are qualita­ tively very similar. Females contain about 100 |ig per individuum , which is 3 -5 tim es the amount o f the males' secretions. Major spiroacetals are E,E-and Z ,E -2 ,8-dim ethyl-1,7-dioxa-spiro[5.5]undecane and E,E-and Z ,£-2-ethyl-7-m ethyl-l,6-dioxaspiro[4.5]undecane, while prom i­ nent monoterpenes are geraniol and citronellol. Straight chain hydrocarbons C 17, C19, C 21 and C23 occur in fairly large amounts, mostly with increasing concentrations. W ith respect to the quantita­ tive distribution o f components o f minor concentration, the bouquet o f A. wilkella is clearly dis­ tinguishable from A. ovatula and A. ocreata which from the m orphological and ethological point o f view are more closely related. Behaviour tests with A. w ilkella indicate high biological activity o f the main spiroacetal. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 37c, 1124 (1982); received May 6 1982 
  Published    1982 
  Keywords    Andrena, Mandibular Gland, Pheromone, Spiroacetals 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/37/ZNC-1982-37c-1124.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1982-37c-1124 
 Volume    37 
6Author    V. Salas-ReyesRequires cookie*
 Title    Chiral Synthesis of (R)-(-)(5Z)-4-Hydroxy-5-tetradecenoic Acid-4-lactone  
 Abstract    R -(-)(5Z)-4-hydroxy-5-tetradecenoic acid-4-lactone has been synthesized from D -glucose as the precursor. R egio and stereoselective transformations of hydroxyl groups as well as protection-deprotection protocols provide a novel route to this compound. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 50b, 1537—1542 (1995); received D ecem ber 7 1995 
  Published    1995 
  Keywords    Chiral Pool, Lactone, Isopropylidene, Olefination, Pheromone 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_B/50/ZNB-1995-50b-1537.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNB-1995-50b-1537 
 Volume    50 
7Author    WolfA. Kafka, Jürgen NeuwirthRequires cookie*
 Title    A Model of Pheromone Molecule-Acceptor Interaction  
 Abstract    Multiple binding interactions between odor molecules and acceptors are formulated by means of the Boltzmann statistics and intermolecular bond energies. Number, spatial arrangement and elec­ tronic properties of binding positions of the acceptor can be defined such that the specificity of sex pheromone receptors in male noctuid moths is quantitatively described. 
  Reference    (Z. Naturforsch. 30c, 278 [1975]; received November 8 1974) 
  Published    1975 
  Keywords    Receptor, Acceptor-sites, Binding Energy, Specificity, Pheromone 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/30/ZNC-1975-30c-0278.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1975-30c-0278 
 Volume    30 
8Author    K.G R Pachler, P. L. Wessels, V. Christ, K. H. MaurerRequires cookie*
 Abstract    The significance of pheromones in olfactory communication in mammals, and the possibility of using synthetic pheromones to influence the behaviour of problem animals, are briefly discussed. The isolation, identification and synthesis of the principal volatile component contained in the pedal gland exudate of the bontebok, Damaliscus dorcas dorcas, viz. (Z)-5-undecen-2-one, are re­ ported. Some of the other major constituents of the secretion have been identified as 2-heptanone, 2 -nonanone, 2 -undecanone and 2,5-undecanedione. 
  Reference    (Z. Naturforsch. 31c, 21—28 [1976]; received July 26 1975) 
  Published    1976 
  Keywords    Olfactory Communication, Pheromones, Mass Spectrometry, Ketones 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/31/ZNC-1976-31c-0021.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1976-31c-0021 
 Volume    31 
9Author    Konstantin Seferiadis, Lothar JaenickeRequires cookie*
 Title    B iom im etic Synthesis of th e  
 Abstract    Fucus P h ero m o n e, F u c o se rra te n A C o n trib u tio n to th e H e te ro ly tic F ra g m e n ta tio n of U n sa tu ra te d 1,5-Diols Fucoserraten (1,3-trans, 5-cis-octatriene), the sex-attrac-tant of Fucus serratus and F. vesiculosus, was obtained by heating bis-trimethylsilyl-l,5-cis, 8-m-undecatrien-3,7-diol in an acidic milieu, showing simultaneously that also 3-un-saturated 1,5-diols undergo heterolytic fragmentation. As expected, the reaction proceeds without isomerization and under irarcs-elimination of the leaving group. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 33c, 997—9 (1978); received September 21 1978 
  Published    1978 
  Keywords    Biomimetic Synthesis, Fucoserraten, Heterolytic Fragmenta­ tion, Pheromones 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/33/ZNC-1978-33c-0997_n.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1978-33c-0997_n 
 Volume    33 
10Author    Niedersächsische Forstliche Versuchsanstalt, Göttingen, Heinrich ArnRequires cookie*
 Title    Wolfgang Altenkirch  
 Abstract    Electrophysiological recordings from antennal hair sensilla of male P. flam m ea revealed two types (A, B) of presumed pheromone receptor cells. The A receptors responded max­ imally to (Z)-9-tetradecenyl acetate and the B cells to (Z)-11-tetradecenyl acetate. In the field, a 100:5 mixture of the two compounds attracted 10 times more males than the (Z) -9 isomer alone. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 33c, 1000 (1978); received September 13 1978 
  Published    1978 
  Keywords    Pheromones, Sex Attractant, Alkenyl Acetates, Olfactory Receptors, Noctuidae 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/33/ZNC-1978-33c-1000_n.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1978-33c-1000_n 
 Volume    33 
11Author    B. V. Burger, Maritha Le Roux, H.S C Spies, Verona Truter, R. C. BigalkeRequires cookie*
 Title    Antidorcas marsupialis  
 Abstract    Acyclic terpenoid compounds, aldehydes, ketones, hy­ droxy esters, and dimethyl sulphone were identified in the dorsal exudate of the antelope Antidorcas marsupialis. The novel diterpenes a-and /?-springene, found in this exudate, were synthesised from famesyl acetone. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 36c, 340—343 (1981); received November 26 1980 
  Published    1981 
  Keywords    Olfactory Communication, Pheromones, GC-MS-Analysis, Terpenoids, Springene 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/36/ZNC-1981-36c-0340_n.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1981-36c-0340_n 
 Volume    36 
12Author    B. V. Burger, Maritha Le Roux, H.S C Spies, Verona Truter, R. C. Bigalke, P. A. NovellieRequires cookie*
 Title    Mammalian Pheromone Studies, V*. Compounds from the Preorbital Gland of the Grysbok, Raphicerus melanotis  
 Abstract    A series o f straight chain ketones, saturated, unsatu­ rated, and doubly unsaturated alcohols, saturated and unsaturated formiates, hexanal, formic acid, and a number of long chain fatty acids have been identified in the pre­ orbital secretion of the grysbok, Raphicerus melanotis. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 36c, 344 (1981); received November 26 1980 
  Published    1981 
  Keywords    Olfactory Communication, Territorial Marking, Pheromones, GC-MS-Analysis 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/36/ZNC-1981-36c-0344_n.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1981-36c-0344_n 
 Volume    36 
13Author    LesterJ W AdhamRequires cookie*
 Title    Coupled Gas Chromatography — Single Cell Recording: a New Technique for Use in the Analysis of Insect Pheromones  
 Abstract    A method is described for the continuous biological monitoring of the effluent from a high resolution gas chromatographic column using a single cell recording technique. The system can be used to provide precise information on the retention times of compounds with olfactory activity that are not detected with a coupled gas chromatograph -electroantennogram system. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 37c, 947 (1982); received April 19 1982 
  Published    1982 
  Keywords    Gas Chromatography, Single Cell Recordings, Pheromones 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/37/ZNC-1982-37c-0947.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1982-37c-0947 
 Volume    37 
14Author    Z. NaturforschRequires cookie*
 Title    of Saccharomyces cere visiae  
 Abstract    The mating pherom one o f baker's yeast, the a-factor, is a dodeca-/tridecapeptide, which is not antigenic by itself. It was coupled to succinylated thyroglobulin by the car-bodiimide procedure to facilitate selective coupling of the a-factor mainly by its N-terminal region. Antibodies against this conjugate were raised in rabbits. After selective precipitation of the rabbit antiserum with succinylated carrier prior to the radial double diffusion test (Ouchter-lony) specific antibodies against the coupled a-factor could be detected. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 38c, 1069—1071 (1983); received April 21/Septem ber 5/1983 
  Published    1983 
  Keywords    a-Factor, Antibodies, Pheromone, Saccharomyces cerevisiae 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/38/ZNC-1983-38c-1069_n.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1983-38c-1069_n 
 Volume    38 
15Author    Emst PriesnerRequires cookie*
 Title    Analysis o f a Sex-A ttractant System in the Noctuid M oth Rhyacia baja S ch iff  
 Abstract    Binary combinations o f (Z)-7-dodecenyl acetate and (Z)-9-tetradecenyl acetate in a 1/10 ratio were highly attractive to Rh. baja males in field trapping tests con­ ducted in southern Germany. Trap captures increased further on adding 0.1 or 0.3% o f (Z)-5-dodecenyl acetate to this lure; higher amounts o f this chem ical were strongly inhibitory, as were additions o f >3% o f (Z)-ll-h e x a -decenyl acetate. The trapping data are considered in terms o f electrophysiological responses o f five types o f antennal receptor cells. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 39c, 845—8 (1984); received May 4 1984 
  Published    1984 
  Keywords    Sex-Attractant, Pheromone, Attraction-Inhibitor, Olfactory Receptors, Noctuidae 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/39/ZNC-1984-39c-0845_n.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1984-39c-0845_n 
 Volume    39 
16Author    E. PriesnerRequires cookie*
 Title    Agrotis exclamationis  
 Abstract    The sex-attractant system of the dart moth Agrotis ex­ clamationis (L.) (Noctuidae) was re-investigated with elec-trophysiological and field trapping tests. The identified pheromone components (Z)-5-tetradecenyl acetate and (Z)-9-tetradecenyl acetate elicited maximum trap captures when combined in a Z5-/Z9-mixture ratio of between 100/10 and 100/20, in contrast to an earlier reported mixture opti­ mum of 100/5. Each compound activated a particular type of receptor cell located in the male antennal hair sensilla. Three further cell types discovered in these sensilla responded specifically to the non-pheromonal compounds (Z)-7-dodecenyl acetate and (Z)-7-and (Z)-l 1-tetra-decenyl acetate. These latter compounds did not show attractive or synergistic properties in field trapping tests but rather reduced captures when added to the binary pheromone blend as a third component. The biological functions of these three "attraction-inhibitors" remain unidentified. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 40c, 943—945 (1985); received August 26 1985 
  Published    1985 
  Keywords    Pheromones, Attraction-Inhibitors, Olfactory Receptors, Agrotis exclamationis, Noctuidae 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/40/ZNC-1985-40c-0943_n.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1985-40c-0943_n 
 Volume    40 
17Author    MitkoA. Subchev, JuliusA. Ganev, Otto Vostrowsky, HansJürgen BestmannRequires cookie*
 Title    Screening and Use of Sex Attractants in Monitoring of Geometrid Moths in Bulgaria  
 Abstract    Four candidate sex attractants for geometrid moths have been screened individually and in mixtures. As a result, in addition to the confirmation of the known sex attractants of Operophtera brumata L. and Alsophila aceraria Denis & Schiff (— A. quadripunctata Esper), possible sex attractants for five other geometrid species have also been established. For O. brumata and A. aceraria an inhibitor has been found. For the same species the possibility for seasonal monitoring by means of sex pheromone traps was demonstrated. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 41c, 1082—1086 (1986); received May 7 1986 
  Published    1986 
  Keywords    Pheromones, Sex Attractants, Geometridae, Polyene Hydrocarbons, Inhibitor 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/41/ZNC-1986-41c-1082.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1986-41c-1082 
 Volume    41 
18Author    Gerhard Kasang, Leopold Von Proff, Michael NichollsRequires cookie*
 Title    Enzymatic Conversion and Degradation of Sex Pheromones in Antennae of the Male Silkworm Moth Antheraea polyphemus  
 Abstract    In living antennae of the male silkworm moth Antheraea polyphemus the pheromone com-pounds [6,7-3 H]-6,ll-hexadecadienyl acetate and [12,13-3 H]-10,12-hexadecadienol are enzymati-cally converted to their corresponding fatty alcohols, aldehydes, acids and long-chained fatty acid esters. In antennae of freshly hatched moths the 3 H-labeled pheromones are degraded at high rates to volatile polar metabolites. The half-life of the pheromone acetate is about 3 min. In dried antennae the pheromone acetate is merely hydrolyzed to the fatty alcohol. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 43c, 275—284 (1988); received December 14 1987/January 25 1988 Dedicated to 
  Published    1988 
  Keywords    birthday Moth, Antennae, Pheromones, Metabolites, Enzymes 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/43/ZNC-1988-43c-0275.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1988-43c-0275 
 Volume    43 
19Author    Hermann Schildknecht, Ulrike Eßwein, Werner Hering, Christine Blaschke, KarlEduard LinsenmairRequires cookie*
 Title    Diskriminîerungspheromone der sozialen Wüstenassel Hemilepistus reaumuri Discriminative Pheromones of the Social Desert Isopod Hemilepistus reaumuri  
 Abstract    A vital chemical communication can be observed in the Tunesian desert isopod Hemilepistus reaumuri. These crustaceans live in social units which are strictly closed to alien conspecifics. It was attempted to analyze the highly evolved family-specific recognition system by identifying their pheromonal compounds both from the extracts of surface washings of intact animals and from the exuvia. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 43c, 613—620 (1988); received March 9. 1988 
  Published    1988 
  Keywords    Pheromones, Crustacean, Social Desert Isopod, Terpenoids 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/43/ZNC-1988-43c-0613.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1988-43c-0613 
 Volume    43 
20Author    H. Schmutzenhofer, U. Kohnle, J. P. VitéRequires cookie*
 Abstract    Ipsenol, Ipsdienol, and £-myrcenol are male specific compounds of Ips schmutzenhoferi. Overall 46 compounds could be identified from males and females. The diversity of oxygenated terpenes is particularly high in males. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 43c, 958—960 (1988); received November 22 1988 
  Published    1988 
  Keywords    birthday Identification, Terpenes, Pheromones, Bark Beetles, Ips schmutzenhoferi 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/43/ZNC-1988-43c-0958_n.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1988-43c-0958_n 
 Volume    43