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61Author    H. G. Kreul, R. Waldinger, A. WürflingerRequires cookie*
 Title    Differential Thermal Analysis and Dielectric Studies on Neopentanol under Pressure  
 Abstract    Differential thermal analysis (DTA) and dielectric measurements have been performed on 2,2-di-methyl-l-propanol (neopentanol) up to 200 MPa. Neopentanol exhibits at least one orientationally disordered (ODIC) phase (solid I) that transforms at lower temperatures to a non-plastic phase (solid II). There is evidence of a further ODIC phase denoted as solid I'. The pressure dependence of the phase transitions and the dielectric behaviour up to frequencies of 13 MHz are described. Activation enthalpies and volumes are derived from the dielectric relaxation time and compared with results for other alcohols. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 47a, 1127—1134 (1992); received July 27 1992 
  Published    1992 
  Keywords    High pressure, DTA, Phase transitions, Dielectric constant, and relaxation 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/47/ZNA-1992-47a-1127.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1992-47a-1127 
 Volume    47 
62Author    J. Reuter, T. Brückert, A. WürflingerRequires cookie*
 Title    Differential Thermal Analysis under Pressure on Cyanocyclohexane, 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-5,6-dimethyl-1,4-methanonaphthalene, and 2-Methyl-2-propanol  
 Abstract    Differential thermal analysis has been performed on cyanocyclohexane (CCH), 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-5,6-dimethyl-1,4-methanonaphthalene (TDMN), and 2-methyl-2-propanol (t-butanol) up to 300 MPa. The latter compound was also investigated dielectrically. CCH displays an ODIC phase that transforms only reluctantly to the low-temperature stable phase II. Annealing under pressure can appreciably accelerate this transformation. For all three compounds the phase diagrams were established. For CCH and TDMN also the pressure dependence of the glass transition has been determined. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 48a, 705—708 (1993); received March 10 1993 
  Published    1993 
  Keywords    High pressure, DTA, Phase transitions, Glass transition, Dielectric constant 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/48/ZNA-1993-48a-0705.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1993-48a-0705 
 Volume    48 
63Author    W. Medycki, R. Jakubas, N. Piślewski, J. LefebvreRequires cookie*
 Title    NMR and Dilatometric Studies on [N(CH 3 ) 4 1 3 M 2 X 9 (M = Sb, Bi; X = C1, Br)  
 Abstract    Thermal expansion studies on [N(CH 3) 4 ] 3 Sb-,Cl 9 and [N(CH 3) 4 ] 3 Sb 2 Br 9 are reported. The relax-ation times 'H T, were measured for [N(CH 3) 4 ] 3 Bi 2 Cl 9 , [N(CH 3) 4 ] 3 Sb 2 Br 9 , and [N(CH 3) 4 ] 3 Bi 2 Br 9 in the temperature range 100-290 K. To interpret the 7\ data on [N(CH 3) 4 ] 3 Bi 2 Cl 9 the method of Tj calculation reported by Takeda et al. has been applied successfully. Two different, inequivalent types of [N(CH 3) 4 ] 3 cations for all tetramethylammonium crystals are found. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 48a, 748—752 (1993); received January 31 1993 
  Published    1993 
  Keywords    Tetramethylammonium crystals, Phase transitions, Thermal expansion, 'H spin-lattice relaxation time 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/48/ZNA-1993-48a-0748.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1993-48a-0748 
 Volume    48 
64Author    Günter RadonsRequires cookie*
 Title    Mechanisms for Phase Transitions in the Multifractal Analysis of Invariant Densities of Correlated Random Maps  
 Abstract    Multifractal properties of the invariant densities of correlated random maps are analyzed. It is proven that within the thermodynamical formalism phase transitions for finite correlations may be due to transients. For systems with infinite correlations we show analytically that phase transitions can occur as a consequence of localization-delocalization transitions of relevant eigenfunctions. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 49a, 1219—1222 (1994); received October 12 1994 
  Published    1994 
  Keywords    Fractals, Dynamical systems, Phase transitions, Stochastic automata, Random walk 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/49/ZNA-1994-49a-1219.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1994-49a-1219 
 Volume    49 
65Author    M. Ohga, F. M. Ostafa, A. Hmed, A. A. YoussefRequires cookie*
 Title    Dielectric Permittivity and AC Conductivity Investigation for the New Model Lipid Bilayer Material: (CH2)io(NH3)2CdCl4  
 Abstract    Differential thermal scanning of the new lipid-like bilayer material (CH2)io(NH3)2CdCl4 showed two structural phase transitions, with onset temperatures at T2 = (359 ± 2) K and 7, = (415± 1) K. Permittiv­ ity measurements were performed between room temperature and 450 K at 60-100 kHz. A step-like rise in permittivity at T2, associated with an order-disorder transition, is attributed to chain melting. Two anomalies at (413 ± 1) K and (430 ± 3) K, showing thermal hysteresis of -8 and 10 K, respectively, in­ dicate first order transitions which are associated with crystalline phase change. The AC conductivity follows an Arrhenius-type relation with the activation energy A£ varying with the frequency / according to the relation AE = A£0 [1 -exp where AE0,f0 and a are 0.95 eV, 52 Hz and 0.11, respectively. The frequency dependent conductivity follows the power law a= C 7dc + ßcov, with 0.3 <s < 1.5 for hopping conduction of hydrogen and/or chloride ions in the high temperature range, and localized hopping and/or orientational motion predominating temperatures lower than 413 K. Variations of B and s with temperature are discussed. PACS No. 76, 77 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 56a, 568—578 (2001); received April 26 2001 
  Published    2001 
  Keywords    Phase Transitions, AC Dielectric Permittivity, Two-dimensional Materials, Lipid Bilayers 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/56/ZNA-2001-56a-0568.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-2001-56a-0568 
 Volume    56 
66Author    Manfred Zabel, Klaus-Jürgen RangeRequires cookie*
 Title    Ternäre Phasen im System Eisen-Thallium-Schwefel Ternary Phases in the System Iron Thallium-Sulfur  
 Abstract    The Compound TlFeS2 was synthesized from TIS/Fe/S-mixtures. Crystals are mono-clinic (space group C2/m) with a = 1164.4(6) pm, b = 530.8(3) pm, c = 1050.9(5) pm, ß = 144.58° and Z = 4. The structure comprises [FeS2 -]oo-chains parallel b, built from edge-shared FeS-i-tetrahedra. Relations between TlFeS2 and orthorhombic CsFeS2 are discussed. Tetragonal or monoclinic distorted tetragonal ternary phases occur with composition FeaTV^ (2.6 <x <3.6). 
  Reference    (Z. Naturforsch. 34b, 1—6 [1979]; eingegangen am 23. August 1978) 
  Published    1979 
  Keywords    System Iron-Thallium-Sulfur, Ternary Compounds, Crystal Structure, Phase Transitions 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_B/34/ZNB-1979-34b-0001.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNB-1979-34b-0001 
 Volume    34 
67Author    G. H., C. A., J. Zaleskia, G. Batorb, R. JakubasbRequires cookie*
 Title     
 Abstract    ie le c tr ic P r o p e r tie s a n d C h a r a c te r is a tio n o f th e S u p e rio n ic P h a s e o f [ C (N H 2) 3]2S b C l 5* [ C (N H 2) 3]C l (GHCA undergoes four phase transitions at Tcl = 402 K, Tc2 = 373 K, Ta = 162 K, and TcA = 146 K. Below Tc3 it possesses pyroelectric properties with the spontaneous polarization vector (Ps) in the ac plane and the maximum along the c axis equal to 8 pC/m2. Dielectric dispersion studies of GHCA show that the main dielectric dispersion connected probably with collective motions of chlorine ions is above 1GHz. For the phase transition at Tc2 to a superionic phase the thermal dilatation and electric conductivity were measured. The anomalies of the electric conductivity at Tc2 and T x were observed with large values of <j(10"3 S/m) above Tcl. The guanidinium cations above Tc2, besides reorientational motions, undergo slow self diffusion. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 50a, 888—892 (1995); received February 20 1995 
  Published    1995 
  Keywords    Guanidinium, chloroantimonate, phase transition, DSC, dilatometric, pyroelectric, electric conductivity 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/50/ZNA-1995-50a-0888.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1995-50a-0888 
 Volume    50 
68Author    T. Brückert, D. Büsing, A. Würflinger, S. UrbanRequires cookie*
 Title      
 Abstract    h e r m a l A n a ly s is (D T A) a n d D ie le c tr ic S tu d ie s o f 4 -(tra n s -4 -H e p ty l-C y c lo h e x y l) -b e n z o n itr ile (7 P C H) u n d e r H ig h P r e s s u r e With the aid of DTA the phase diagram of 4-(trans-4-heptyl-cyclohexyl)-benzonitrile, 7PCH, was redetermined. Dielectric studies on the static and complex permittivity have been performed on 7PCH in the pressure range 0.1 -220 MPa, the frequency range 1 kHz-13 MHz and the temperature range 290-380 K. For the slow relaxation process in the nematic phase, characterized by the relaxa­ tion time Tjj , we have calculated the activation volume, A* V u, of about 80 to 60 cm3/mol (decreasing with increasing temperature), and the activation enthalpy, A *Hn, of approximately 70 kJ/mol. The isochoric activation energy, A* Un, amounts to about 36 kJ/mol. The pressure dependence of A * Hu is less pronounced compared with previous findings for 5PCH and 7CB. Estimates of t 0 (extrapo­ lated from the relaxation time in the isotropic phase) allow the calculation of the retardation factor gu = Tn/t0 that is analysed in terms of theories of Martin-Meier-Saupe and Coffey in order to evalu­ ate the nematic potential q. Using data for the order parameter 5 from NMR studies it was possible to determine the strength of the interaction potential in the nematic phase and to check the relation q~S which is valid at p = const., but not at V= const. The results are compared with recent findings for other homologous series. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 50a, 977—983 (1995); received August 25 1995 
  Published    1995 
  Keywords    Dielectric Relaxation, High Pressure, Liquid Crystals, Activation Parameters, Phase Transitions 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/50/ZNA-1995-50a-0977.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1995-50a-0977 
 Volume    50 
69Author    GaryL. Catchen, EdwardF. Hollinger, ToddM. RearickRequires cookie*
 Title    Characterizing Phase Transitions in the Perovskites PbTi0 3 and BaTi0 3 Using Perturbed-Angular-Correlation Spectroscopy  
 Abstract    Perturbed-angular-correlation (PAC) spectroscopy was used to measure in ceramic samples of PbTi0 3 and BaTi0 3 the temperature dependence of the Ti-site electric-field gradients (EFGs) at temperatures very close to the ferroelectric-to-paraelectric transition temperatures T c . The samples were doped with small amounts of Hf that carried the 181 Hf — l8l Ta probe radioactivity. A high-frequency nuclear quadrupole interaction that decreases very little as the temperature approaches T c , characterizes the PbTi0 3 transition. The tetragonal and cubic phases for PbTi0 3 appear to coexist over a temperature interval of 8 ± 1 K, and the transition shows a thermal hysteresis of about 4 K. In contrast, a lower-frequency interaction that decreases rapidly as temperature approaches T c , characterizes the BaTiO, transition. Both phases of BaTi0 3 appear to coexist over an interval of about 2 K, and the thermal hysteresis is about 1 K. At temperatures above T c , both PbTi0 3 and BaTi0 3 show weak, non-vanishing Ti-site EFGs. Although, for BaTi0 3 , this effect limits the accuracy with which critical effects can be measured, we estimate a power-law exponent ß = 0.21 ± 0.05, which most likely is somewhat lower in magnitude than the actual critical exponent. For the explanation of our observations we assume the existence of a distribution of T c -values. This distribution would arise because the crystals could have spatially non-uniform distributions of nucleation sites, which for PbTi0 3 and BaTi0 3 could be point defects. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 51a, 411—421 (1996); received November 20 1995 
  Published    1996 
  Keywords    Ferroelectric, perovskite, nuclear electric-quadrupole, perturbed-angular-correlations, phase transition 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/51/ZNA-1996-51a-0411.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1996-51a-0411 
 Volume    51 
70Author    M. Sandmann, F. Hamann, A. WürflingerRequires cookie*
 Title    PVT Measurements on 4-/i-Pentyl-4'-Cyano-Biphenyl (5CB) and trans-4-(4'-Octyl-Cyclohexyl)-Benzonitrile (8PCH) up to 300 MPa  
 Abstract    Specific volumes are presented for 4-n-pentyl-4'-cyanobiphenyl (5CB) and trans-4-(4'-octyl-cyclo-hexyl)-benzonitrile (8PCH) for temperatures between 300 and 370 K up to 300 MPa. The p,V m ,T data were determined for the liquid crystalline and isotropic phases, and partly also for the solid phase adjacent to the melting curve. Stable and metastable crystal phases can be distinguished. The density and melting temperature of the metastable form are lower than for the stable one. Volume and enthalpy changes accompanying the phase transitions are reported as well. The p,V m ,T data allow to calculate the entropy change for a hypothetical transition at constant volume. The molar volumes along the nematic-isotropic phase transition T NI (p) allow to determine the molecular field parameter y = S In T NI /0 In F N ,. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 52a, 739—747 (1997); received August 13 1997 
  Published    1997 
  Keywords    5CB, 8PCH, High pressure, pVT, Phase transitions, Thermodynamics, DTA 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/52/ZNA-1997-52a-0739.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1997-52a-0739 
 Volume    52 
71Author    E. Mikuli, A. Migdał-Mikuli, S. Wróbel, B. GradRequires cookie*
 Title    DSC Investigations of the Phase Transitions of [M(H 2 0) 6 ](N0 3 ) 2 , where M = Mn, Co, Ni, Cu and Zn  
 Abstract    The phase transitions of [M(H 2 0) 6 ](N0 3) 2 , where M = Mn 2+ , Co 2+ , Ni 2+ , Cu 2+ or Zn 2+ have been studied at 100 -400 K by DSC. Two phase transitions connected with a two-stage melting process have been found for these five compounds. For the compound with M = Co, besides the two melting points a solid-solid phase transition at 272 K has been found. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 54a, 595—598 (1999); received August 13 1999 
  Published    1999 
  Keywords    Hexaaquametal(II) nitrates, Phase Transitions, Melting Points, DSC Method 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/54/ZNA-1999-54a-0595.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1999-54a-0595 
 Volume    54 
72Author    Michael Uhrmacher, Klaus-Peter LiebRequires cookie*
 Title    Phase Transitions in Oxides Studied by Perturbed Angular Correlation Spectroscopy  
 Abstract    Radioactive atoms located on cation sites in oxide matrices can be used to monitor phase transitions by measuring the electric or magnetic hyperfine interactions by means of Perturbed Angular Correlations spectroscopy. The article illustrates three types of phase transitions studied with 11 'in tracers and their daughter nuclei m Cd, namely magnetic, structural and REDOX phase transitions in binary and ternary polycrystalline or single-crystalline oxides. In this context, we also discuss the question of identifying the probes' lattice site(s), the scaling of the Electric Field Gradients in oxides, the influence of the (impurity) probes themselves on the phase transitions, and the occurrence and mechanisms of dynamic interactions. Recent results on " 1 In in pure and Li-doped In 2 S 3 will also be presented. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 55a, 90—104 (2000); received August 26 1999 
  Published    2000 
  Keywords    Phase Transitions, Oxides, Perturbed Angular Correlations, 111 In, Point Charge Model 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/55/ZNA-2000-55a-0090.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-2000-55a-0090 
 Volume    55 
73Author    Masao Hashimoto, Shinichi Hashimoto, Hiromitsu Terao, Masayuki Kuma, Haruo Niki, Hiroyuki InoRequires cookie*
 Title    Crystal Structure and Phase Transition of 4-Aminopyridinium Tetrabromoantimonate(III) as Studied by Bromine and Antimony NQR, Proton NMR, and Single Crystal X-Ray Diffraction  
 Abstract    The crystal structure of the room temperature phase (RTP) of the title compound was determined at 297 K (monoclinic, space group C2/c, a = 1384.2(2), b = 1377.8(3), c = 755.5(2) pm, ß = 121.58(1)°). A complicated disorder was found for the cation. A phase transition from the low-temperature phase (LTP) to the RTP was found at (224 ±1) K (T c). The 'H NMR spectra showed a sharp motional narrowing at ca. T=T C , indicating the occurrence of a reorientational motion of the cation in the RTP in accord with the disorder. It was found that another reorientational motion is excited in the LTP. Four 81 Br NQR lines (132.71, 115.38, 61.54 and 59.31 MHz at 77 K) and two Sb NQR lines (53.78 and 33.76 MHz at 77 K) were found in the LTP, while a single 81 Br NQR line was observed at T> 276 K (ca. 121.80 MHz at 300 K). Crystal dynamics are discussed on the basis of the temperature dependence of the NQR, *H NMR line width, and 'H NMR Tj. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 55a, 167—172 (2000); received August 24 1999 
  Published    2000 
  Keywords    4-NH 2 PyHSbBr 4, Crystal Structure, Phase Transition, NQR, 'H NMR 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/55/ZNA-2000-55a-0167.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-2000-55a-0167 
 Volume    55 
74Author    J. Pirnat, Z. Trontelj, J. Lužnik, D. KirinRequires cookie*
 Title    Halogen NQR and the Phase Transition in CH 3 Hg-Halide Family  
 Abstract    The temperature dependence of the 35 C1 NQR line and its relaxation has been measured from 77 K to room temperature. The known displacive phase transition near 162 K is reflected in the change of the slope of the temperature dependence of the quadrupole line, but not so in the chlorine or proton relaxation. The results are discussed in view of the proposed structural changes and thermal vibrations. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 55a, 215—218 (2000); received October 13 1999 
  Published    2000 
  Keywords    Methylmercury Chloride, NQR, Crystal Structure, Phase Transition, Thermal Vibrations 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/55/ZNA-2000-55a-0215.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-2000-55a-0215 
 Volume    55 
75Author    J. Roth, M. Uhrmacher, R. De, La Presa, L. Ziegeler, K. P. LiebRequires cookie*
 Title    Structural Phase Transitions in BaTi0 3 Studied via Perturbed Angular Correlations  
 Abstract    Phase transitions in the ferroelectric perovskite BaTi0 3 were studied for 111 In-implanted poly-crystalline samples by measuring the electric field gradients by means of Perturbed Angular Correla-tion spectroscopy. The phase transitions between the orthorhombic rhombohedral tetragonal cubic lattices were investigated in 2 -10 K steps, for increasing and decreasing temperatures, in order to determine their hysteresis. The transition parameters are compared with results from measurements of the spontaneous polarization, electric susceptibility and neutron scattering. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 55a, 242—246 (2000); received August 24 1999 
  Published    2000 
  Keywords    Perturbed Angular Correlations, BaTi0 3, Phase Transitions, Hysteresis, 1 " In 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/55/ZNA-2000-55a-0242.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-2000-55a-0242 
 Volume    55 
76Author    Ichi Suzuki, Shin'. Ichi, Ishimaru, Ryuichi IkedaRequires cookie*
 Title    Koh  
 Abstract    133 Cs NMR spin-lattice relaxation times(Ti) in crystalline Cs 2 CdI 4 were measured at 225 -373 K. The critical exponent (of T\ observed near the normal-incommensurate transition in the normal phase was determined to be 0.62 ± 0.03, in good agreement with the predicted value for three-dimensional XK-model. The frequency dependent T\ in the incommensurate phase could be explained by the fluctuation of amplitudon and small gap phason. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 55a, 339—342 (2000); received August 27 1999 
  Published    2000 
  Keywords    l33 Cs NMR, T\ \ Incommensurate, Phase Transition, Critical Exponent 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/55/ZNA-2000-55a-0339.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-2000-55a-0339 
 Volume    55 
77Author    E. Mikuli, A. Migdał-Mikuli, I. Natkaniec, J. MayerRequires cookie*
 Title    Phase Transitions and Water Dynamics of [Mn(H 2 0) 6 ](C10 4 ) 2 Studied by Differential Scanning Calorimetry and Neutron Scattering Methods  
 Abstract    DSC measurements performed at 95 -290 K have shown that [Mn(H 2 0) 6 ](C10 4) 2 possesses, besides a high-temperature phase, existing above 323 K, four low-temperature solid phases. The inelastic incoherent neutron scattering (IINS) spectra and neutron powder diffraction (NPD) pat-terns registered at 20 -290 K have supported the DSC results and provided evidence that the investigated substance possesses even more than five solid phases. The IINS spectra have shown that in the room-temperature phase, water molecules perform fast stochastic reorientation at the picosecond scale. The orientational disorder characteristic for the room-temperature phase can be easily overcooled and frozen. Even by relatively slow cooling at ca. 40 K/hour a metastable, orientational (protonic) glass phase is formed below ca. 160 K. Below ca. 100 K, a structural phase transition was observed by the NPD, however the IINS spectra indicate existence of the pure ordered low-temperature phase only after annealing the sample for a few hours at 100 K. On heating, a structural phase transition takes place at ca. 120 K, and at ca. 225 K water molecules begin fast reorientation. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 55a, 759—764 (2000); received July 7 2000 
  Published    2000 
  Keywords    Hexaaquamanganese(II) chlorate(VII), Phase Transitions, DSC, Neutron Scattering 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/55/ZNA-2000-55a-0759.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-2000-55a-0759 
 Volume    55 
78Author    U. Kreibig, C. W. EtterRequires cookie*
 Title    Light Diffraction of in vitro Crystals of Six Tobacco Mosaic Viruses  
 Abstract    Iridescent gels o f the common, tomato mosaic, para-tobacco mosaic, ribgrass mosaic, sunnhemp mosaic, and cucumber 4 tobacco mosaic virus strains were prepared using the purification method of Boedtker and Simmons (J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 1958). Macrocrystals which were stable for many months could be grown from iridescent gels of all viruses when stored at 0 -1 0 °C. The gels exhibited various structural phases (nematic and smectic) differing in density. The structure of the microcrystalline gels and of macrocrystals was investigated by means of optical diffraction. Distinct Bragg reflections were observed from which a mean periodicity of 340 nm was derived for all virus strains. The results indicate a crystalline multilayer structure as first proposed by Oster (J. Gen. Physiol. 33, 445, [1950]). The angular positions and widths of the Bragg reflections depended on the concentration of virus and the ionic strength. The periodicity decreased from 365 nm at 30 mg/ml virus to about 315 nm at 109 mg/ml virus, i.e. the periodicity approached the 300 nm length o f the virion. Model calculations taking into account Debye-Hückel repulsive and van der Waals attractive forces gave a qualitative explanation for the crystalline structure and its observed concentration dependence. The in vitro crystals resemble immature crystal forms observed in the living cell. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 35c, 750—762 (1980); received March 7 1980 
  Published    1980 
  Keywords    Tobacco Mosaic Viruses, Crystallization, Phase Transitions, Light Diffraction, Crystal Structure, Model Calculations 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/35/ZNC-1980-35c-0750.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1980-35c-0750 
 Volume    35 
79Author    Masahiko Suhara, Koichi ManoRequires cookie*
 Title    NQR and Phase Transitions in Hexachlorocyclopropane Crystal  
 Abstract    35 C1 NQR and DSC studies on phase transitions in hexachlorocyclopropane (HCCP), C 3 C1 6 , are reported. It is found that HCCP has three solid phases: A high temperature disordered phase (Phase I) above 301 K (no NQR spectrum was observed); a metastable phase (Phase II), which exhibited 6 NQR lines from 77 to 270 K; a low temperature phase (Phase III) in which a 24-multiplet of 35 C1 NQR lines at 77 K, the most complex multiplet spectrum ever reported was observed. DSC measurement shows a A-type transition at 301 K and a broad transition of very slow rate at 285 K. The structure and mechanism of phase transitions in HCCP crystal are discussed. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 45a, 339—342 (1990); received August 23 1989 
  Published    1990 
  Keywords    Nuclear quadrupole resonance, Phase transition, Crystal structure, Differential scan-ning calonmetry, Order-disorder transition 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/45/ZNA-1990-45a-0339.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1990-45a-0339 
 Volume    45 
80Author    Stefan Jurga, Kazimierz Jurga, EduardC. Reynhardt, Piotr KatowskiRequires cookie*
 Title    A Proton NMR Study of n-Decylammonium Chain Dynamics in the Perovskite-type Layered Compound (C 10 H 21 NH3) 2 CdCl4  
 Abstract    A detailed proton second moment and spin-lattice relaxation time investigation of the bilayered compound (C 10 H 21 NH 3) 2 CdCl 4 is reported. In the low temperature phase the methyl group exe-cutes a classical threefold reorientation, while the NH 3 group is involved in a similar reorientation in an asymmetric potential well. Evidence for defect chain motions in this phase has been found, and infomation regarding the potential wells associated with these motions has been extracted from the data. In the high temperature phase, slow chain defect motions and fast fourfold reorientations of chains about their long axes, parallel to the normal to the bilayer, have been observed. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 48a, 563—569 (1993); received October 9 1992 
  Published    1993 
  Keywords    Bilayered compounds, Phase transition, Spin-lattice relaxation, Molecular motions, Defect motions 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/48/ZNA-1993-48a-0563.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1993-48a-0563 
 Volume    48 
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