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1988 (1)
1985 (1)
1Author    Fabrice Franck, GeorgH. SchmidRequires cookie*
 Title    The Role of N ADPH in the Reversible Phototransformation of Chlorophyllide P682 into Chlorophyllide P678 in Etioplasts of Oat  
 Abstract    Absorption spectra and room temperature fluorescence variations upon light excitation were studied in etioplasts in which the protochlorophyllide had been reduced to chlorophyllide prior to the experiment. In the presence of 1 mM NADPH, the absorption band was located around 682 nm and the fluorescence variations reflected the occurrence of the chlorophyllide microcycle (reversible phototransformation of chlorophyllide P682 into chlorophyllide P678). whereas, in the absence of NADPH, the absorption band was located around 676 nm and the fluorescence exhibited only a slow decrease with illumination time. After washing, NADPH-treated etioplasts still exhibited an absorption maximum of 682 nm, which shifted irreversibly to 678 nm upon illumination. Re-addition of only 10 |im NADPH restored the reversibility of the reaction. Plas­ tids were also prepared after a brief illumination of the intact leaves. These plastids contained the P682 chlorophyllide. In this preparation, essentially the same phenomena were observed as in NADPH-treated etioplasts after washing. Moreover, enzymic oxidation of NADPH resulted in the transformation of P682 into P678 in darkness. Addition of the Hill electron acceptors 2,6-dimethylbenzoquinone on FeCN caused an acceleration of the phototransformation of P682 into P678. We interpret these results as being due to the oxidation of NADPH during the phototrans­ formation of P682 into P678. The nature of the electron acceptor and the physiological role of this reaction is discussed. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 40c, 832—838 (1985); received September 13 1985 
  Published    1985 
  Keywords    Etioplasts, Chlorophyllide, NADPH 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/40/ZNC-1985-40c-0832.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1985-40c-0832 
 Volume    40 
2Author    Martine Bertrand, Barbara Bereza, Esther DujardinRequires cookie*
 Title    Evidence for Photoreduction of NADP + in a Suspension of Lysed Plastids from Etiolated Bean Leaves  
 Abstract    It has been investigated if photoreduction of NADP + (detected by absorption spectroscopy) may take place in lysed plastids within minutes of exposure to light. This process was made possible by removal of oxidants from the reaction mixture. Lysed plastids were suspended in a medium containing NADP + , catalase, glucose oxidase and glucose; exposure to light simultane-ously to addition of ferredoxin and ferredoxin-NADP + reductase, resulted in increased absorb-ance in the band around 340 nm, while addition of 3-phosphoglycerate resulted in the disappear-ance of this band. Ferredoxin and ferredoxin-NADP + reductase are only effective when photo-activation takes place before their addition to the medium. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 43c, 443—448 (1988); received January 25 1988 
  Published    1988 
  Keywords    NADPH, NADP + Photoreduction, Etioplasts, Absorbance Difference Spectra, Phaseolus vulgaris 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/43/ZNC-1988-43c-0443.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1988-43c-0443 
 Volume    43