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'Mass Spectrometry' in keywords Facet   Publication Year 1982  [X]
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1Author    Gemot Frenking, Jochen Schmidt, Helmut SchwarzRequires cookie*
 Title    Quantenmechanische Berechnungen zu pseudo-einstufigen (C-C)-Spaltungen bei Radikalkationen von Carbonsäuren Quantum Mechanical Calculations on Pseudo-One-Step Cleavages of Carbonic Acid Cation Radicals  
 Abstract    Extensive quantum mechanical calculations on the unrestricted MINDO/3 level reveal that for some ionised carbonic acids the energetically most feasible pathway for uni-molecular C-C cleavage cannot be described as being a one-step process. In complete agreement with experimental results the computational data are consistent with an inter-pretation of the reaction as being a two-step process, in which the reaction commences with a hydrogen migration from a CH-bond onto the ionised C = 0 group. The dissociation is completed with a radical induced C-C cleavage thus generating quite stable protonated unsaturated carbonic acids. Whereas the MINDO/3 results clearly show that the two-step process is energetically favoured over the direct C-C cleavage, this computational method fails badly in explaining the experimentally established fact that in the two-step sequence the hydrogen migration is the rate-determining step. This failure is due to the MINDO/3 inherent weakness of overestimating the stability of cyclic ions, e.g. cyclic transition states as they are formed in the course of the hydrogen migration step. Single point ab initio calculations carried out on the 4-31G level substantiate this interpretation in that the transition state for the hydrogen migration is calculated to lie substantially higher than that for the actual C-C dissociation step, but is still much lower than that calculated for a direct simple bond cleavage process of the respective cation radical. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 37b, 355—360 (1982); eingegangen am 23. Oktober 1981 
  Published    1982 
  Keywords    Potential Energy Surfaces, Carbonic Acids, Hydrogen Rearrangement, C-C Cleavage, Mass Spectrometry 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_B/37/ZNB-1982-37b-0355.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNB-1982-37b-0355 
 Volume    37