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'Hexahalogenometallates' in keywords Facet   Publication Year 1994  [X]
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1994[X]
1Author    J. Pelzl, C. DimitropoulosRequires cookie*
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 Abstract    Recent and novel data obtained from chlorine NQR measurements on natural and deuterated (NH4)2 MC16 compounds are discussed with special regard to the influence of the ammonium-ion dynamics on the structural stability of these crystals. The temperature dependence (4.2 K to 350 K) of the chlorine NOR frequency \ q and relaxation rates Tj-1 , T2-1 obtained from the natural ammonium salts of Sn, Pd, Os, Pb, Te, Se and from the deuterated salts of Sn, Te and Se are analysed. Slight deviations from the normal temperature behaviour of vQ and Tt~ 1 are found in Sn, Pd and Os compounds which stay cubic in the whole temperature range. The ammonium compounds of Pb and Te undergo a structural transformation between 80 K and 90 K from the cubic to a trigonal phase which is distinguished by the preservation of the single line spectrum of the chlorine NQR below rel. The observed divergence of Tl_ 1 at the transition point can be described in terms of a spin-phonon process in the presence of an overdamped soft mode. Deuteration of (N H 4)2 TeCl6 only slightly affects the transition of Tcl but leads to new structural changes at lower temperatures. Whereas the natural compound stays trigonal down to 4.2 K the deuterated crystal undergoes two additional structural transformations at Te 2 = 48 K and Tc3 = 28 K which are correlated with a slowing down of the deuteron motion. Approaching Tc2 from above, the spin-lattice relaxation rate and the spin-spin relaxation rate of the chlorine NQR exhibit distinct anomalies which are attributed to limited jumps of the octahedron in a shallow potential. The barrier height of this potential deduced from the chlorine NQR spin-lattice relaxation rate is 400 K. The transition at Tc2 is explained by the condensation in one minimum of this potential. At Tc3 a long range correlation is formed which is accompanied by a rotation of the octahedron about its fourfold axis. A similar mechanism is adopted for the transitions observed in (NH4)2 SeCl6 at Tc= 24 K and in (ND4)2 SeCl6 at Tc = 48 K. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 49a, 232—246 (1994); received August 12 1993 
  Published    1994 
  Keywords    Nuclear quadrupole resonance, Structural phase transitions, Ammonium-ion dynam­ ics, Hexahalogenometallates, Critical behaviour 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/49/ZNA-1994-49a-0232.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1994-49a-0232 
 Volume    49