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'Herbicides' in keywords Facet   section ZfN Section C:Volume 031  [X]
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1976 (2)
1Author    D. Urbach, M. Suchanka, W. UrbachRequires cookie*
 Title    Effect of Substituted Pyridazinone Herbicides and of Difunone (EMD-IT 5914) on Carotenoid Biosynthesis in Green Algae  
 Abstract    The carotenoid biosynthesis of the green alga A n kistrodesm u s braunii is blocked if these cells are cultured in presence of sublethal doses of pyridazinone herbicides (San 9789, San 6706, BASF 44521) or of the herbicide difunone (EMD-IT 5914). The amount of colored carotenoids normally found in these algae is reduced drastically and the precursors phytoene and phytofluene are ac­ cumulated. Furthermore a decrease in the chlorophyll level occurs in the treated cells, but there is a stronger loss of chlorophyll a, resulting in a lowering of the chlorophyll a/b ratio with time. Concerning the activity of substituted pyridazinones leading to inhibition of carotenoid biosynthesis this effect can be related to the chemical structure of these compounds: a trifluoromethyl substitu­ tion of the phenyl ring an d a mono-or dimethyl substitution of the amine (San 9789, San 6706) or a methoxy group instead of the substituted amine (BASF 44521) are required both for this effect. Other pyridazinone derivatives with eith er a trifluoromethyl substitution of the phenyl ring (San 9774) or a dimethyl substitution of the amine (San 9785) or a methoxy group (BASF 13761) are without any effect on the pigment pattern of these algae. 
  Reference    (Z. Naturforsch. 31c, 652 [1976]; received July 28 1976) 
  Published    1976 
  Keywords    Herbicides, Pyridazinone, Difunone, Carotenoid Biosynthesis, Green Algae 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/31/ZNC-1976-31c-0652.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1976-31c-0652 
 Volume    31 
2Author    Friedhelm Blobel, Jürgen Eberspächer, Siegfried Haug, Franz LingensRequires cookie*
 Title    eines M uconsäurederivates m it H ilfe Pyrazon- abbauender B akterien Enzymatic Form ation of a cis,cis-Muconic Acid D erivative Using Pyrazon-D egrading Bacteria  
 Abstract    The cis,cis-muconic acid derivative of pyrazon, which was formerly isolated from the medium of pyrazon-de-grading bacteria, was formed enzymatically by incubation of the catechol derivative of pyrazon with partially purified ortho pyrocatechase from pyrazon-degrading bacteria. 
  Reference    (Z. Naturforsch. 31c, 756 [1976]; eingegangen am 6. September 1976) 
  Published    1976 
  Keywords    Pyrazon, Herbicide, Microbial Degradation, Muconic Acid Derivative, ortho-Cleavage 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/31/ZNC-1976-31c-0756_n.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1976-31c-0756_n 
 Volume    31