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'Herbicides' in keywords Facet   Publication Year 1985  [X]
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1985[X]
1Author    A. Trebst, B. D. Epka, S. M. Ridley, A. F. HawkinsRequires cookie*
 Title    Inhibition of Photosynthetic Electron Transport by Halogenated 4-Hydroxy-pyridines  
 Abstract    Herbicidal halogen substituted 4-hydroxypyridines are inhibitors of photosynthetic electron flow in isolated thylakoid membranes by interfering with the acceptor side of photosystem II. Tetrabromo-4-hydroxypyridine, the most active compound found, has a pl50-value of 7.6 in the inhibition of oxygen evolution in both the reduction of an acceptor of photosystem I and an acceptor of photosystem II. The new inhibitors displace both metribuzin and ioxynil from the membrane. The 4-hydroxypyridines, like ioxynil, have unimpaired inhibitor potency in Tris-treated chloroplasts, whereas the DCMU-type family of herbicides does not. It is suggested that 4-hydroxypyridines are complementary to phenol-type inhibitors, and a common essential element is proposed. The 4-hydroxypyridines do not inhibit photosystem I or non-cyclic electron flow through the cytochrome b/f complex. But they do have a second inhibition site in photosynthetic electron transport since they inhibit ferredoxin-catalyzed cyclic electron flow, indicating an antimycin-like property. A comparison of the in vitro potency of the compounds with the in vivo potency shows no correlation. A major herbicidal mode of action of the group is related to the inhibition of carotenoid synthesis, and access to the chloroplast lamellae in vivo for inhibition of electron transport may be restricted. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 40c, 391—399 (1985); received February 28 1985 
  Published    1985 
  Keywords    Herbicides, Hydroxypyridines, Inhibitors, Photosynthesis 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/40/ZNC-1985-40c-0391.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1985-40c-0391 
 Volume    40