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'Halophilic Bacteria' in keywords
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1995 (1)
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1981 (1)
1Author    Steiner, W. Schäfer, I. Bios, H. W. Ieschhoff, H. ScheerRequires cookie*
 Abstract    Bacteriochlorophyll b (bchl b) has been isolated from the halophilic photosynthetic bacterium, Ectothiorhodospira halochloris. The pigment and a series o f derivatives thereof are different from Bchl b from Rhodopseudomonas viriais by HPLC analysis, but similar by uv-vis spectroscopy. The chromatographic difference originates in different esterifying alcohols in the two pigments. The one from Rp. viridis (Bchl bp) is esterified with zl2-phytaenol (phytol), that from E. halochloris (Bchl b42,io) with zf2,10-phytadienol. The structure o f the latter has been established by isolation of the alcohol from the purified pigment, followed by (i) gaschromatography-mass spectroscopy and (ii) ozonolysis and dinitrophenylhydrazon-formation o f the cleavage products, which were identified by gaschromatography-mass spectroscopy as 6-methyl-heptan-2-one, and 4-methyl-nona-1,8-dione. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 36c, 417 (1981); received February 26 1981 
  Published    1981 
  Keywords    Photosynthesis, Photosynthetic Bacteria, Halophilic Bacteria, Bacteriochlorophylls, Diterpenoid Alcohols 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/36/ZNC-1981-36c-0417.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1981-36c-0417 
 Volume    36 
2Author    FranciscoJ G M Urianaa, Marí, C. Alvarez-Ossorio3, Marí, M. Sánchez-Garcés3, FranciscoF. De, LaR. Osab, AngelM. Relimpio3Requires cookie*
 Title    Effect of Salt on the Activity and Stability of Aspartate Aminotransferase from the Halophilic Archaebacterium Haloferax mediterranei  
 Abstract    The aspartate aminotransferase from Haloferax mediterranei, which is in the cell mainly as apoenzym e, requires high concentrations o f salt for both activity and stability. The maximum activity is reached with 3.5 m KC1 in the assay. The effect o f different cations and anions has been studied using several types o f salts. M onovalent cations show a significant difference in effectiveness o f promoting the activity with the follow ing order: K + > R b + > N a + > N H 4+. M g++ and polyvalent cations with organic character cause partial activity with maximum ef­ fectiveness at 0.1 m , an inhibition at higher concentration is observed. A nions, added as p otas­ sium salts, promote enzyme activity with the following order: Cl" > N 0 3~ > I " > SCN~. Like activity, the enzyme stability depends on salt concentrations. Incubation o f the enzyme with a low salt concentration leads to inactivation following pseudofirst order kinetics. The inactivat­ ed enzyme is partially reactivated by high concentrations o f KC1 follow ing second order kinet­ ics. Taking into account the dimeric structure o f this enzyme, high concentrations o f salt could stabilize the dimer, which is the active form. The salt effects on halophile aspartate am ino­ transferase are discussed considering hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 47c, 375 (1992); received December 17 1991 /February 21 1992 
  Published    1992 
  Keywords    Halophilic Bacteria, Aspartate Aminotransferase, Salt Effects, Activity and Stability, H aloferax mediterranei 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/47/ZNC-1992-47c-0375.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1992-47c-0375 
 Volume    47 
3Author    FranciscoJ. García-Murianaa, Marí, C. Alvarez-Ossorioa, Marí, M. Sánchez-Garcés3, FranciscoF. De La Rosab, AngelM. RelimpioaRequires cookie*
 Title    Further Characterization of Aspartate Aminotransferase from Haloferax mediterranei: Pyridoxal Phosphate as Coenzyme and Inhibitor  
 Abstract    The enzyme aspartate aminotransferase has been isolated from the halophilic bacterium Haloferax mediterranei in its apoenzyme form. The interaction with its coenzyme (pyridoxal phosphate) has been investigated. For concentrations up to 0.05 mM, the incubation with pyridoxal phosphate reconstituted the active complex (holoenzyme) following a second order kinetic with a k2 of 5.2 min'mM"1. This active complex showed a dissociation constant (/Cd) of 7.8 x 10~6 m . For concentrations higher than 0.1 mM, pyridoxal phosphate produced an inactivation process with a complex second order kinetic. This inactivation is partially re­ verted by dialysis or by lysine treatment. Thus, after 80% of inactivation, 55% of the original activity is recovered by a long-time dialysis, and with 50 mM lysine also a partial reactivation (among 20-33%) is observed. The enzyme treated with 1 mM pyridoxal phosphate has a different behavior in Sepharose chromatography indicating that the modified enzyme pre­ sents a smaller size due to a conformational change. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 50c, 241—247 (1995); received October 4/November 4 1994 
  Published    1995 
  Keywords    Halophilic Bacteria, Aspartate Aminotransferase, PLP Effects, Activity and Stability, Haloferax mediterranei 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/50/ZNC-1995-50c-0241.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1995-50c-0241 
 Volume    50