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1996 (1)
1Author    J. Blétry, D.E MRequires cookie*
 Title    Description of the Glass Transition by a Percolation Blocking of Local Chemical Order  
 Abstract    A model for the liquid-glass transition, based on a percolation blocking of local chemical order, is proposed. The case of metallic liquids and glasses, whose structure is dominated by first neighbour chemical arrangement, is first treated. The chemical ordering "reaction" of the liquid phase is studied at thermodynamical equilibrium and the increase of the chemical order parameter with decreasing temperature is calculated. Within a given composition interval, however, a geometrical percolation process is shown to block this reaction below a "percolation temperature" (correspond-ing to null cooling rate) where the liquid is irreversibly frozen into a glass. The liquid-glass "phase diagram" is established and kinetic arguments, involving "frustrated" finite clusters which are formed close to the percolation threshold, provide an evaluation of the experimentally measured "glass transition temperature" as a function of cooling rate. The validity of this one order parameter model is then discussed with the help of the irreversible thermodynamics theory of Prigogine. The formation of tetracoordinated glasses is explained by the formation of tetrahedral bonds, when the liquid temperature decreases, and represented by a "hole ordering" reaction. A general description of the structure of tetracoordinated glasses is thus achieved, which applies to amorphous silicon and germanium, 111 -V compounds, silica, amorphous water etc. Furthermore, an estimation of the temperature interval for the glass transformation of silica is obtained, which agrees well with experiment. The existence of frustrated clusters gives to glasses a composite structure in the "medium distance order", which could explain the "fractal nature" of glass fracture surfaces down to the nanometer scale. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 51a, 87 (1996); received September 6 1995 
  Published    1996 
  Keywords    Glass transition Percolation, Short range chemical order, Metallic glasses, Tetracoordi-nated glasses, Fractography 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/51/ZNA-1996-51a-0087.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1996-51a-0087 
 Volume    51