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'Evacuolation' in keywords Facet   Publication Year 1990  [X]
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1990[X]
1Author    M. Anfred Steingraber, Hanns Frohnm, Rüdiger HamRequires cookie*
 Title    Light-Dependent Sucrose Synthesis in Cell-Free (Reconstituted) Lysates of Evacuolated Mesophyll Protoplasts  
 Abstract    Oat mesophyll protoplasts were evacuolated by centrifugation on a Percoll gradient and used as starting material for establishing a functional cell-free system. For this purpose evacuolated protoplasts were osm otically lysed. From the resulting homogenate a cytosolic fraction was obtained by silicon oil filtration. This fraction was used to dilute preparations o f lysed evacu­ olated protoplasts in order to reduce the number o f organelles per volume cytosol. The latter was necessary to increase light-dependent oxygen evolution o f the cell-free system. The result­ ing kind o f "reconstituted" system showed light-dependent sucrose formation (about 100 nmol (mg Chi)-1 • h r 1) with bicarbonate as the only substrate. As this property depends on a functional interaction o f chloroplast and cytosolic reactions, this cell-free system appeared to perform essential steps o f partitioning o f C 0 2 between starch and sucrose. Addition o f about 12 (im fructose 2 ,6 -bisphosphate, an inhibitor o f fructose 1,6 -bisphosphatase and an activator o f the PPi-dependent fructose 6 -phosphate phosphotransferase, caused sucrose degradation in the light. Thus, this cell-free system allows both the study o f cytosolic enzyme activities under quasi in vivo conditions and the manipulation o f cellular reaction sequences by plasma mem­ brane-impermeable compounds. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 45c, 217 (1990); received January 11 1990 
  Published    1990 
  Keywords    Avena sativa, Cell-Free System, Evacuolation, Mesophyll Protoplasts, Sucrose Synthesis 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/45/ZNC-1990-45c-0217.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1990-45c-0217 
 Volume    45