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1996 (1)
1974 (1)
1Author    Wolfgang LohmannRequires cookie*
 Title    Halogen-Substitution Effect on the Optical Absorption Bands of Uracil"  
 Abstract    The ultraviolet absorption spectra of uracil and its 5-halogenated derivatives have been in ­ vestigated in regard to the electron attracting properties of the substituents. It could be shown that the position of the two absorption bands is proportional to the inverse of the electronegativity; the extinction coefficients are a linear function of the electron affinities. In this way, the red shift obtained upon substitution with halogens can be explained. Also, the decrease in absorbance of the absorption bands at A > 2 5 0 nm, occuring concomitant­ ly, is understandable. The increase in absorbance with increasing electron affinity, as observed in the case of the absorption bands at 2 < 2 50 nm, due to a higher pi —pi* excitation. 
  Reference    (Z. Naturforsch. 29c, 493 [1974]; received March 18/April 26 1974) 
  Published    1974 
  Keywords    Halogen Effect, Absorption Bands, Uracil, Electron Affinity, Electronegativity 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/29/ZNC-1974-29c-0493.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1974-29c-0493 
 Volume    29 
2Author    A. Ishikawa, A. Sasane, Y. Hirakawa, Y. MoriRequires cookie*
 Title    Motion of Water Molecules and Hydrogen Bonds in Zinc Hexachlorostannate (IV) Hexahydrate as Studied by *H NMR and 35 C1 NQR  
 Abstract    The *H NMR spin-lattice relaxation time 7\, 35 C1 NQR frequency VQ, and 35 C1 NQR spin-lattice relaxation time 7\ Q of [Zn(H 2 0) 6 ] [SnCl 6 ] (zinc hexachlorostannate(IV) hexahydrate) have been measured at temperatures between 77 and 350 K. The NQR spin echo signal with Vq— 15.689 MHz at 77 K showed a positive temperature coefficient attributable to O-H-Cl type H-bonds in the crystal. v Q at 77 K is strongly correlated with the electronegativity Xm of the metal M in the series of stannates [M(H 2 0) 6 ] [SnCl 6 ] (M = Mg, Ca, Mn, Co, Ni, Zn). A 7\ minimum observed for the Zn salt is ascribed to 180° flips of water molecules with an activation energy of 20 kJ mol -1 . The motion is influenced by repulsive forces among the water molecules within a cation rather than by attractive forces between the H-bonded H and CI atoms. 7\q proved to be mainly governed by lattice vibrations, weakly modulated by the fluctuating electric field gradient caused by the 180° flip motions. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 51a, 693—697 (1996); received October 10 1995 
  Published    1996 
  Keywords    'H NMR spin-lattice relaxation, 35 C1 NQR frequency, 35 C1 NQR spin-lattice relaxation, H-bonding, Electronegativity 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/51/ZNA-1996-51a-0693.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1996-51a-0693 
 Volume    51