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'Eldana saccharina' in keywords Facet   section ZfN Section C  [X]
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1985 (1)
1Author    B. V. Burger, W. M. Mackenroth, D. Enice, Smith, H.S C Spies, P. R. AtkinsonRequires cookie*
 Title    Chemical Composition of the Wing Gland and Abdominal Hair Pencil Secretions of the Male African Sugarcane Borer, Eldana saccharina (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)  
 Abstract    In addition to the previously identified wing gland lactone, eldanolide, and the tail brush components, vanillin and p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, several further terpenoid compounds, satu­ rated and unsaturated alcohols and acids, a thioalcohol, as well as two saturated macrocyclic lactones, were identified in the wing gland and tail brush secretions of the male African sugarcane borer Eldana saccharina (Walker). The stalk borer Eldana saccharina W alker is found in a large number of natural host plants in Africa [1]. Since 1970 it has becom e an increasingly serious pest in South African sugarcane fields [2] and it is also a recognized pest of m aize and other cereal crops in West and East African countries [3], Male moths of this insect, in common with other gallerines, have a gland at the base of each fore wing with a duct open­ ing towards the wing tip, as well as a pair of promi­ nent hair pencils on the eighth segm ent [4, 5]. These disseminating structures are assumed to be involved in pherom one com m unication in E. saccharina. The possible use of the synthetic pherom ones for monitoring and/or controlling the insect has led to considerable interest in the identification and syn­ thesis of the pherom one secreted by the male moth. The y-lactone, rra«5,-3 ,7-dim ethyl-6-octen-4-olide (eldanolide) was identified as a com ponent of the wing gland secretion [6 , 7] and several independent syntheses have been elaborated for the natural (3S, 4R) isom er [8—11]. It has been suggested [7, 12] that eldanolide acts as a long-range attractant of the fem ale. Vanillin and p-hydroxybenzaldehyde have been found in the abdominal hair pencil or tail brush secretion and were reported to act as an aphrodisiac [13]. In these studies extensive use was made of labo­ ratory methods for the evaluation of the biological Reprint requests to Prof. B. V. Burger. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 40c, 847 (1985); received September 12 1985 
  Published    1985 
  Keywords    Chemical Communication, Insect Pheromones, Terpenoids, Macrocyclic Lactones, Eldana saccharina 
  Similar Items    Find
 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/40/ZNC-1985-40c-0847.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1985-40c-0847 
 Volume    40