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1993 (1)
1988 (1)
1974 (1)
1Author    Jeffrey Karan, SeymourSteven BrodyRequires cookie*
 Title    Chlorophyll a and Cytochrome c at a Heptane-Water Interface  
 Abstract    The surface pressure was measured as a function of area/molecule for chlorophyll a (Chi) and cytochrome c (Cyt) at a heptane-water interface. At a surface pressure of 6 dyn/cm the area per molecule of C h l(^ 6) = 1 1 3 ±6 Ä 2, for reduced Cyt c (red. Cyt) the A6 = 5000 ± 300 Ä 2 and for oxidized Cyt c (ox. Cyt) /3(6=4100 ± 250 A2. Cyt appears to denature at the interface. Irradiation results in a decrease of the for Chi to ^ 8 = 1 0 0 ± 5 Ä 2. There appears to be interaction between Chi and red. Cyt in a mixed film no interaction is observed between Chi and ox. Cyt. 
  Reference    (Z. Naturforsch. 29c, 506 [1974]; received June 14 1974) 
  Published    1974 
  Keywords    Chlorophyll, Cytochrome, Monolayers, Photosynthesis, Membranes 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/29/ZNC-1974-29c-0506.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1974-29c-0506 
 Volume    29 
2Author    Aloysius Wild, Petra Strobel, Ute FlammersfeldRequires cookie*
 Title    Studies of Components of the Thylakoid Membrane of Undamaged and Damaged Spruce Trees at Different Mountain Sites  
 Abstract    During a five-year period, com ponents o f the thylakoid membrane in needles o f the second generation o f undamaged and damaged trees o f Norway spruce were studied at three different mountain sites in W est Germany. Visible signs o f damage at these sites are a yellowing o f the light-exposed sides o f the needles as well as the loss o f needles. The goal o f this study was to determine damage-induced alterations in com position and physiological reactions o f the thy­ lakoid membranes in spruce needles. In order to meet this purpose, contents o f chlorophyll a and b, electron transport rate o f photosystem II, contents o f the D 1 protein, cytoch rom e/, as well as P-700 were measured. The chlorophyll content in the needles o f the damaged spruce trees was significantly lower than in the needles o f the undamaged trees. In addition to this, the typical annual course o f chlorophyll content was exclusively observed in the needles o f the undamaged spruce trees. If related to dry weight, a drastic reduction o f the electron transport rate and o f the redox com ­ ponents o f the thylakoid membrane was observed due to damage, indicating a degeneration o f the photosynthetic membranes. The contents o f D 1 protein and the photosynthetic electron transport rates were also markedly reduced in the needles o f the damaged trees, when related to chlorophyll content o f thylakoids, suggesting an early and particular impairment o f photo­ system II. The comparison o f spruce trees showing different signs o f damage demonstrates that certain biochemical parameters concerning the photosynthetic membranes (chlorophyll, cytochrom e/ , ratio photosystem II/I) reflect the extent o f damage and are suitable for an early indication o f a beginning, but still invisible damage o f spruce trees. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 48c, 911 (1993); received June 5/August 27 1993 
  Published    1993 
  Keywords    Chlorophyll, Cytochrome /, D 1 Protein, Forest Decline, P-700, Photosynthetic Electron Transport 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/48/ZNC-1993-48c-0911.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1993-48c-0911 
 Volume    48 
3Author    Aloysius Wild, Ute Flammersfeld, Iris Moors, Bernhard Dietz, Wolfgang RühleRequires cookie*
 Title    Investigation on the Photosynthetic Membranes of Spruce Needles in Relation to the Occurrence of Novel Forest Decline II. The Content of Q B -Protein, Cytochrome/, and P-700  
 Abstract    In order to obtain an insight into the damage of thylakoid membranes of spruce (Picea abies) trees with damage of varying intensity, investigations were performed on the content of QB-protein, cytochrome/, and P-700 in chloroplasts of spruce needles from apparently healthy and from damaged trees. Needles from the second and third needle year and the seventh whorl were chosen. The investigations were carried out in 1986 on a 20 to 25-year-old spruce plantation in the Hunsriick mountains and on an 80-year-old spruce plantation in the Westerwald mountains. In damaged trees an unequivocal decrease in the content of QB-protein, cytochrome/, and P-700 was found, even in needle groups that appear visibly green and healthy. The amount of cytochrome / decreased by 25% per dry weight (approximately to the same extent as chlorophyll); the content of QB-protein and P-700, however, were more drastically reduced compared to the control trees (about 40% and 50%, respectively). These results of measuring the photosynthetic electron transport components imply that the thylakoid membranes are sites of early injurious effects. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 43c, 589—595 (1988); received March 23 1988 
  Published    1988 
  Keywords    Air Pollution, Cytochrome/, Novel Forest Decline, Picea abies, Thylakoid Membrane Damage 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/43/ZNC-1988-43c-0589.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1988-43c-0589 
 Volume    43