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2000 (1)
1997 (1)
1Author    Valerie Bertagna, Francis Rouelle, Marius ChemlaRequires cookie*
 Title    Copper Contamination Mechanism of Silicon Substrates from HF Solutions  
 Abstract    The contamination of silicon wafers from dilute HF solutions containing ultratrace levels of metallic ion impurities is a subject of constant interest. The mechanism of copper electroless deposition from HF onto monocrystalline silicon was investigated using a new electrochemical cell, which proved to be a very sensitive detector for in situ characterization of silicon surfaces. Upon addition of copper trace amounts, the open-circuit potential was observed to shift rapidly towards more positive values at a rate nearly proportional to the copper concentration. All poten-tial/time curves tend to reach a limiting value of the potential, while quantitative measurements of radioactive tracers revealed that during a few tens of minutes, copper ions were continuously reduced on the silicon surface. Electrochemical potentials and voltammetric measurements were interpreted in terms of the mixed potential theory and led to the conclusion that copper nuclei act as a catalyst which enhances the cathodic activity for protons reduction. The model was supported by AFM observations which demonstrated the initiation of corrosion pits around the nuclei. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 52a, 465—176 (1997); received April 14 1997 
  Published    1997 
  Keywords    Silicon, contamination, copper, catalysis 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/52/ZNA-1997-52a-0465.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-1997-52a-0465 
 Volume    52 
2Author    J. M. Ramallo-López, F. G. Requejo, A. G. Bibiloni, M. Rentería, L. Gutierrez, E. E. MiróRequires cookie*
 Title    Combined TDPAC and EXAFS Study of InPt/FER Catalysts  
 Abstract    Time Differential Perturbed Angular Correlation (TDPAC) experiments using 111 In as probe were performed in order to determine the nature of In-sites in In-ferrierite (In/FER), before and after the incorporation of Pt through the hyperfine interaction between the nuclear quadrupole moment of the probe's nucleus and the extranuclear electric field gradient (EFG). Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) measurements were performed to measure the absorbance above the Pt's L m absorption edge in the transmission mode in order to determine the local environment of Pt atoms in Pt/FER and InPt/FER catalysts. TDPAC spectra of 111 In in In/FER and InPt/FER taken at 500°C in air indicated that there are no changes in the indium surroundings after the incorporation of Pt. Three sites were found for indium in both samples. Two of them correspond to the two sites of indium in ln 2 0 3 and the third one is attributed to In in exchange sites of the zeolites. Their population, quadrupole frequencies and asymmetry parameters didn't change with the incorporation of Pt. EXAFS experiments showed similar near neighborhood Pt-0 distances and Pt coordination number in Pt/FER and InPt/FER samples. There is no evidence of the presence of any In-Pt bimetallic entity in InPt/FER catalyst. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 55a, 327—330 (2000); received August 26 1999 
  Published    2000 
  Keywords    Hyperfine Interactions, TDPAC, EXAFS, Catalysis, Ferrierite 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/55/ZNA-2000-55a-0327.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-2000-55a-0327 
 Volume    55