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'Calvin Cycle' in keywords Facet   section ZfN Section C  [X]
Facet   Publication Year 1988  [X]
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1Author    Wolfgang Schmidt, Ulrich Schreiber, Wolfgang UrbachRequires cookie*
 Abstract    The effects of short-time fumigation (0-60 min) of intact spinach leaves with S0 2 (2 ppm) on the photosynthetic apparatus were investigated. A rather high S0 2 concentration was applied to monitor immediate effects on the fluorescence behaviour with the influence of repair processes or secondary types of damage being minimized. Three different types of in vivo chlorophyll fluores-cence measurements were used: Rapid induction kinetics (Kautsky effect), slow induction kinetics with repetitive application of saturation pulses (saturation pulse method), and decay kinetics following a single turnover saturating flash. The slow induction kinetics with repetitive application of saturation pulses reacts in the most sensitive way indicating a primary damage at the level of the enzymatic reactions of the Calvin cycle. It is suggested that stromal acidification upon S0 2 uptake interferes with light activation of Calvin cycle enzymes. With longer fumigation times also damage at the level of photosystem II becomes apparent: A decrease in variable fluorescence yield reflects a lowering of photosystem II quantum yield, and the slowing down of fluorescence relaxation kinetics reveals an effect on the secondary electron transport from Q A to Q B . The detrimental effects of S0 2 depend to a great extent on the application of light during fumigation. Besides a light requirement for S0 2 uptake by stomata opening also the possibility of photoinhibitory damage is discussed. The susceptibility of leaves to photoinhibition may increase with a lowering of Calvin cycle activity by S0 2 . 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 43c, 269—274 (1988); received December 7 1987 
  Published    1988 
  Keywords    Chlorophyll Fluorescence, S0 2, Spinach, Intact Leaves, Calvin Cycle 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/43/ZNC-1988-43c-0269.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1988-43c-0269 
 Volume    43