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1981 (2)
1979 (1)
1Author    Ursula Lehmann-Kirk, KlausP. Bader, G. Eorg, H. Schmid, Alfons RadunzRequires cookie*
 Title    Inhibition of Photosynthetic Electron Transport in Tobacco Chloroplasts and Thylakoids of the Blue Green Alga Oscillatoria chalybea by an Antiserum to Synthetic Zeaxanthin  
 Abstract    An antiserum to synthetic Z eaxanthin inhibits photosynthetic electron transport on the oxygen-evolving side of photosystem II in tobacco chloroplasts and thylakoids o f the filamentous blue-green alga Oscillatoria chalybea. The inhibition site lies for both species between the site o f electron donation of water or tetramethyl benzidine and that o f diphenyl carbazide or manganese II ions. Typical photosystem I reactions are not impaired by the antiserum. The effect of the antiserum concerning the inhibition site is practically identical to that o f the earlier described antiserum to violaxanthin. However, the degree o f inhibition seems to be generally somewhat lower with the antiserum to Zeaxanthin, than with that to violaxanthin which hints at a lesser accessibility of ze-axanthin, in the tylakoid membrane in comparison to violaxanthin. In the course of these investigations new evidence was obtained that the oxygen-evolving side of the electron transport scheme is differently organized in Oscillatoria chalybea when compared to tobacco chloroplasts. Thus, the silicomolybdate reduction with water as the electron donor is sen­ sitive to DCMU in these algae. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 34c, 1218—1221 (1979); received August 2 1979 
  Published    1979 
  Keywords    Antibodies, Oxygen-Evolving Side, Xanthophylls, Chloroplasts, Blue-Green Algae 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/34/ZNC-1979-34c-1218.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1979-34c-1218 
 Volume    34 
2Author    Siegfried Scherer, Erwin Stürzl, Peter BögerRequires cookie*
 Title    Arrhenius Plots Indicate Localization of Photosynthetic and Respiratory Electron Transport in Different Membrane Regions of A nabaena  
 Abstract    Photosynthetic and respiratory electron-transport reactions by the blue-green alga, Anabaena variabilis, exhibit a strict temperature dependence in vivo as well as in the cell-free system. The ratio of respiratory oxygen uptake in the dark and oxygen evolution in the light is high after growth at low temperatures (20 °C) and low after growth under optimum temperatures (28 °C). Respiration and photosynthesis show different break temperatures in the Arrhenius plots. Increase o f growth temperature yields higher break points for photosynthetic or respiratory electron transport as well. These data are taken as evidence that photosynthetic and respiratory electron transport chains are embedded in different membrane areas. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 36c, 1036—1040 (1981); received July 271981 
  Published    1981 
  Keywords    Photosynthesis, Respiration, Blue-Green Algae, Arrhenius Plots, Phase Transition Temperatures 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/36/ZNC-1981-36c-1036.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1981-36c-1036 
 Volume    36 
3Author    SeymourSteven BrodyRequires cookie*
 Title    Temperature Induced Changes in the Absorption Spectra of Porphyridium cruentum and Anacystis nidulans  
 Abstract    Cooling A. nidulans or P. cruentum from 26 °C to 4 °C results in progressive spectral changes. The most significant changes are increases in absorbance at 690 nm (photosystem II), 678 nm (antenna chlorophyll), 625 nm (phycocyanin), and 505 nm (electrochromic band). In the case o f P. cruentum there are also increases in absorbance at 568 and 545 nm (B-phycoerythrin) and a decrease at 587 nm. The spectral changes in both organisms are accompanied by decreases at 703 nm (photosystem I or aggregated chlorophyll), 650 nm (allophycocyanin) and 486 nm (carotenoid). Heating A. nidulans or P. cruentum from 4 °C to 44 °C results in increases in absorbance at 705 nm (photosystem I) and 486 nm (carotenoid), accompanied by decreases at 690 nm (photo­ system II), 676 nm (antenna chlorophyll), 628 nm (phycocyanin), 507 nm (electrochromic band) and 469 nm (carotenoid). In the case o f P. cruentum there are also decreases at 568 and 546 nm (B-phycoerythrin) and an increase at 587 nm. The possible origin o f the spectral change at 587 nm. The possible origin o f the spectral change at 587 nm is discussed. The spectral changes o f the chlorophyll bands (703, 690, 678 nm) and the electrochromic band (502 nm) are associated with phase changes of the lipid membrane. Lowering the temperature results in a decrease o f aggregated chlorophyll or photosystem I, and vice versa. These spectral changes are also observed in green chloroplasts. The spectral changes o f the phycobilins may originate from a temperature dependent change of the ion balance o f the thylakoid. A spectral change may result from the ensuring modification of the stacking or from an electrochromic effect. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 36c, 1013—1020 (1981); received September 141981 
  Published    1981 
  Keywords    Photosynthesis, Lipid Phase Transition, Blue-Green Algae, Red Algae, Change in Absorption, Phycobili Proteins, Chlorophyll 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_C/36/ZNC-1981-36c-1013.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNC-1981-36c-1013 
 Volume    36