The simple plane wave target Hartree-Fock impulse approximation for the (e, 2e) reaction is developed. One result of the approximation is the separation of the expression for the (e, 2e) cross-section into a kinematic factor and a structure factor that contains all of the information about the target. When the target is a molecule, the structure factor can be further separated into atomic terms and a geometric term. This is illustrated for a simple one-electron homonuclear diatomic molecule. Three examples of the application of (e, 2e) spectroscopy to systems of chemical interest are given. They are borazine (inorganic benzene), the methyl siloxanes and the inorganic complex trimethylamine boron trifluoride.