Abstract

The structure of monoatomic liquids in the static approximation is described by a soft sphere model and the corresponding equation of state is derived. This geometrical model is then ex-tended to binary liquid or amorphous substitution alloys where both components have the same size. The structure of these alloys is shown to be determined by the first neighbour order parameter which is positive, negative or zero for segregated, ordered or disordered alloys respec-tively. The variations of the partial structure factors with concentration are presented for these three cases. Size effects are then studied by varying the ratio of atomic diameters. Many experi-mental results are shown to fit this simple framework.