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1Author    Tetsuo Asaji, Tomohiro IshizakaRequires cookie*
 Title    Effect of Deuteration on Ammonium Motion and Structural Phase Transition Studied by Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance  
 Abstract    35 C1 NQR measurements revealed two phase transitions at 14.5 K and 70 K in NH4ICI4. By deuteration of the ammonium ions, the respective transition temperature increased to 27 K and 74 K. In the lowest-temperature phase of NH4ICI4, by the deuteration a remarkable change of the temperature dependence of the 35 C1 NQR frequencies was observed. The NQR spin-lattice relaxation-time minimum, ascribable to the modulation effect of the electric field gradient (EFG) due to a motion of the ammonium ions, was observed at 7 K and 11 K in NH4ICI4 and ND4ICI4, respectively. The activation energy of the ammonium motion and the fluctuation fraction q /q of the EFG were determined to be 0.32 kJ moP 1 and 1.3xlO~ 3 for NH4ICI4, and 0.30 kJ mol -1 and 0.88xl0~ 3 for ND4ICI4. The experimental result suggests that the inter-ionic interaction between the ammonium ion and the ICl^ complex anion is weakened by the deuteration. However, the frequency shift observed in the lowest-temperature phase is much larger in ND4ICI4 than in NH4ICI4. This suggests that the lattice distortion in NH4ICI4 is suppressed to a great deal by the tunneling rotation of NH4 ions. The effective inter-ionic interaction responsible for the lattice distortion, the transition temperature and the enhancement of tunneling of NH4 as compared with ND4 is discussed for NH4ICI4 as well as for previously reported NH4AUCI4 and ct-N^HgCb. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 55a, 83—89 (2000); received August 26 1999 
  Published    2000 
  Keywords    Isotope Effect, Tunneling, Phase Transition, Ammonium, NQR 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_A/55/ZNA-2000-55a-0083.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNA-2000-55a-0083 
 Volume    55 
2Author    Christiane Leben, Martin JansenRequires cookie*
 Title    Darstellung und Kristallstruktur von Triammonium-trisulfimid (NH4)3(N S02)3 Preparation and Crystal Structure of Triammonium-trisulfimid (NH4)3(N S 0 2)3  
 Abstract    The preparation and crystal structure o f (N H 4N S 0 2)3 (a = 11.720(2), b = 6.156(6), c = 14.030(2) A ,ß = 96.69(8)°) is reported. The structure reveals a chair-conformation o f the anions, which are arranged to form a hexagonal rod stacking. Compared to cyclometatriphosphates the cations are coordinated differently due to the different basicities o f the bridging nitrogen and oxygen atoms, respectively. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 54b, 757 (1999); eingegangen am 24. Februar 1999 
  Published    1999 
  Keywords    Sulfimide, Ammonium, Preparation, Single-Crystal Structure Determination 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_B/54/ZNB-1999-54b-0757.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNB-1999-54b-0757 
 Volume    54 
3Author    M. Ichael Schmidt, Annette Schier, Hubert SchmidbaurRequires cookie*
 Title    Magnesium Bis[D(-)-Mandelate] Dihydrate and Other Alkaline Earth, Alkali, and Zinc Salts of Mandelic Acid  
 Abstract    , and zinc D(-)mandelates have been prepared from the parent mandelic acid and equivalent quantities (1:1 / 2:1) of the corresponding metal hydroxides in water. Colourless polycrystalline products are obtained from the aqueous solutions by evaporation of the solvent. The alkali, ammonium and strontium salts are anhydrous, the calcium and barium salts are monohydrates, the magne­ sium salt is a dihydrate, and the zinc salt a trihydrate. The crystal and molecular structure of the magnesium salt has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction methods (mono­ clinic, space group P2i, Z = 2). The lattice contains isolated complexes with hexacoordinate magnesium atoms chelated by two mandelate anions through one of their carboxylate oxygen atoms and the alcoholic hydroxyl group. Two water molecules in cis position are completing the octahedral coordination sphere. [MgtQITO^MfTO^] is thus a true mononuclear magnesium complex. Its stability and non-hygroscopic properties suggest its use as a magnesium and/or mandelate drug. 
  Reference    Z. Naturforsch. 53b, 1098—1102 (1998); received July 23 1998 
  Published    1998 
  Keywords    Mandelic Acid, Magnesium Mandelate, Alkaline Earth Mandelates, Alkali Mandelates, Zinc Mandelate Lithium, sodium, potassium, ammonium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium 
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 TEI-XML for    default:Reihe_B/53/ZNB-1998-53b-1098.pdf 
 Identifier    ZNB-1998-53b-1098 
 Volume    53